Kiir presides over opening of CSE, urges students to embrace education

President Salva Kiir presides over the opening of the country’s secondary school leaving exams | PPU

Presiding over the opening of the country’s secondary school leaving exams, South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit, has urged all students to embrace education in the country.

“I am very excited to be with you this morning to ring the bell that symbolizes the beginning of the 2020 Certificate of Secondary Education examinations, and to also wish you, the candidates who are sirting for this important examination the very best of luck. It is also an opportunity for me to sincerely thank the teachers who have worked tirelessly to prepare you for this important milestone.”

Kiir commends the tremendous efforts made by teachers to ensure that students realize their dreams.

“Given the challenges that our country has gone, and still going through, this day may have not arrived without the hard work from the institutions responsible for your education. We are here today because many people have spent countless hours to ensure that you, the candidates, sit for this examination.”

“For the work that has gone through your preparations, I would like to ask all South Sudanese to recognize your teachers, officials in the Ministry of Education, and their able Minister Hon. Awut Deng Acuil, who have worked collectively and tirelessly with all stakeholders to ensure your progress on educational ladder is not obstructed by the challenges facing the country.”

Kiir further praised the students for their outstanding performance despite the challenge they faced in their schools

“I was reliably informed that there are 34,536 candidates who are sitting for this examination. Out of this number there are 11,716 females and 22,820 males. This figure represents an increase of 20.4 % from 2019.”

“While more still needs to be done, this percentage increase is commendable and it did not come out of the blue. It came as the result of hard work from the officials in the Ministry and schools across the country. Again, thank you to the teachers and thank you to the officials in the ministry for this incredible work. With the return of peace, I would like to urge all South Sudanese to embrace the pursuit of education, because our ability to move our country forward lies in its transformative power.”

“Finally, to parents of the candidates who are taking this examination, we thank you for nurturing them, and also share in your joy in seeing them take this vital step in their progress along their educational journey. Continue giving them unconditional love and support in their preparation to be leaders of tomorrow. Once again, I wish all the candidates good health during this examinations period and the very best of luck. Thank you all and may God bless South Sudan.”

The ceremony was held at Juba Day Secondary School, and was attended by several senior government officials in Juba.

South Sudan to receive its first batch of COVID-19 vaccines today

Juba—As the rest of the world steps up the fight against Covid-19 virus, South Sudan is expected to receive the first batch of AstraZeneca vaccines as part of the vaccination program under the African Union and the African Center for Disease Control with support from MTN Telecom company.

The 59,000 doses of the Oxford-made AstraZeneca vaccine are being shipped and expected to arrive at the Juba International Airport today, the Ministry of Health announced.

In a related development, a bigger consignment of 132,000 doses of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine will arrive in Juba on Thursday, through the COVAX global vaccination program for poorer nations, according to Radio Miraya.

According to the incident manager for COVID-19 in the national ministry of health, Dr. Richard Lino Laku, the first groups to be vaccinated are the frontline health care workers and people above the age of 65, as part of a national plan to vaccinate 20% of the population in the first phase.

S. Sudan’s journalist commits suicide attempt over quarrelsome wife

South Sudan’s local journalist commits suicide attempt over his quarrelsome wife | Courtesy

Depressed, a South Sudanese journalist, Makur Chol Khor, took to social media on Sunday evening — announcing his death before police officers stormed his house and rescued him from a hanging noose.

“Dear friends, relatives, in-laws, work mates and country mates. Something is beyond my control in my life, she married to me and I give good care of her in all time we have spent and now she’s turning threats to my life. I’m ready to leave this world, you guys remain in peace,” said Chol in a Facebook post shared widely on social media.

Chol is a well-known journalist who has worked for a number of local and international news organizations in South Sudan.

He was a former Program Manager at Radio Jonglei 95.9 FM, South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) and the Voice of American (VOA).

Stress, that usually leads to depression and suicide can be effectively controlled by applying five stress management techniques, such as physical exercise, taking deep breaths, relaxing when stressed, and prioritizing your hobbies.

South Sudan’s government has no Crisis Helplines that play a key role in preventing suicide cases across the country.

Last year, the International Committee of the Red Cross noted that the number of suicides due to lack of services and violence has increased dramatically.

“October 10th marks World Mental Health Day, an untold number of people in South Sudan are struggling with depression, anxiety, and other mental health problems caused by conflict and violence and not receiving the support they need, especially in rural areas.”

“Mental health is just as important as physical health and more needs to be done to ensure that people have access to the care they need, and that they don’t face stigma for seeking help,” said Fiona Allan, the mental health and psychosocial support manager for the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in South Sudan.

“In South Sudan, there are things that people fear to talk about,” said Thimon Ozinga Ismail, ICRC’s mental health and psychosocial support field officer in Juba. They fear that talking about mental issues can spoil the family history, the community or the clan history. They also fear that people will think they are wicked, mad, or that if they raise these issues, it would bring violence to their family.”

Opinion | South Sudan and the future of Jonglei Canal

Jonglei Canal and Bucket wheel Digger. Credit, Gettyimages

By Bol Gatkuoth Kol

Opinion—Much attention has been given to the prospect of war between Sudan, Ethiopia, and Egypt over the waters of the Nile. But the Nile basin and the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) involves ten countries with Eritrea participating as an observer. Also largely absent from this discussion is the crucial role of South Sudan through which a considerable portion of the White Nile flows. Moreover, South Sudan is a new state and its position on this vital issue is not well understood and the crucial Nile water treaties were signed long before the country even came into existence. This paper intends to address that absence.

Historical context:

The White Nile journey starting from Lake Victoria in Uganda pushing through Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert and enter South Sudan at the border point in town of Nimule eastern Equatoria state. After passing through the central Equatorial region, the river spreads into the large swamps, and branches into Bahr el Jebel, Bahr el Zaraf, and join by a number of tributaries flowing from the west and the southwest. The River Bahr el Arab originate in the border areas between the Sudan and the Central African Republic and flows eastward and it is fed by a number of tributaries including the Lol, Yei, Jur, Tonj and Naam river.

The Sobat River originates in Ethiopia Baro and Akobo Rivers congregate inside South Sudan and continue joined by the Pibor River originates within South Sudan. The combined Rivers call the White Nile that later emerge with the Blue Nile at Khartoum the capital of the Sudan.

Crucially, amongst the reasons for SPLM/A to took up arms struggle against central government in Khartoum, the Egyptian hegemony on the Nile water was one of the dispute rather than self-determination which came later on 28 of August 1991 raised by three members of high command Dr Riek Macahar, Dr Lam Akol and General Gordon Koang Chuol. The separation for Southern Sudan agenda had come through bitter battle amongst the SPLM elites and diverted the New Sudan agenda with heavy cost of human lives in the movement. The Sudan Republican decree number 284 by President Jaafer Nimirie establishing canal Jonglei project area and started digging in February 1974 which later on became a rally battle cry for the people of Southern Sudan region against May revolution.

On the current Nile water political storms in the horn of Africa and Egyptian from the North, multiples questions need answers. These questions should be drawn back from colonial periods into contemporary political odds which engulf sub-region of east Africa and beyond. Indeed, the intense regrouping and political alliances within the Nile basins countries on such activities, will South Sudan played a notable role on these groupings? Or current rulers in Juba will put South Sudan water share for sale on acquisition for Egyptians support? Or Will East Africa community play bystanders from imminent war between Egypt and Ethiopia on Grand Ethiopian renascence Dam? Will Egypt make a military action against Ethiopia Dam? Above all these questions are necessary, and lingering in many ears and minds to those who are take much attention on regional issues. Also, these questions are eye opening for African regional debates on the Nile water crisis.

From the onset, the Sudanese and Egyptians share Nile valley civilisations for many years but each regime come with its political outlook to those relations. The Nile water agreements and the border demarcation were conducted by the British when they controlled both Sudan and Egypt. The British on behalf of its two colonies monopolise water resources against others members states of the Nile.

The Afro-Arab of the Sudan and Egypt were deeply involved as middle men during slave trades against black African tribes in the Sudan. The relation never been smooth with the rest of Sudanese till reason time. All successive Egyptians regimes had been stood against the interest of non-Afro Arab in the Sudan for very long time. Lately Egypt came out with long term strategy to divert the Nile water from Mediterranean Sea to Sinai to kept state of Israel on their side.

Also under existing Nile frame work agreement Egypt had put an observations posts to both South Sudan and Uganda with aims to continue as a power over the Nile water resource. On current political intensity in the horn of Africa, Egypt continue resorting to use old subcontracted regional hegemony during the cold war period playing a broker style between African and western countries. Above all, Egyptians as a political force within Arab league dominating after collapse of Libya under Gadhafi who was more close to Sub-Saharan African nations. Rarely, no country from North Africa will have strong stand against Egypt to rally Arab league to face Ethiopia with military action. On the other hand, the Sudan have long term strategy plan to construct a supper pipe from Northern state of Atbara to red sea and sell fresh water to Saudi Arabia.

In 1979, the Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia had exchanged bitter words when ruler Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam an allied to Soviet Union Communist state prepared to contract USSR to build a Dam on Sudan border that triggered a feared of both Egypt and the Sudan. On the other hand, South Sudan and Uganda have a full control of the White Nile and its major offshoots that amassing in the country and further its journey to Khartoum. In fact, a huge reservoir of swarms slurping water from White Nile Chanel reserving at Jonglie swarms and Machar Marches at Sobat river, (Collins 2002 p-196).

South Sudan swarms syphon a huge amount of water during the rainy season and later wasted during dry season with lack of reservoirs and water storage. Also non-existence of mechanise agriculture schemes for rural development particularly in regional government of Southern Sudan and continue backward after achieving its independent state today.

The misuses of resources and lack of respect for government institutions by Juba base government it has let some countries like Egypt to pry on internal politics to preserved its longer control of the Nile waters resources. Crucially indeed, lack of strategic planning on national projects to use water hydro power to electrify the whole country follow by physical infrastructure for roads agriculture in the country. South Sudan millions cubic metres of water are wasted every dry season on evaporation from swarms of Bahr el Jebel and Bahr el Zaraf, Bahr el Ghazal swamps, and the Sobat Machar Marches.

In 1974 at the height of energy crisis a parliamentarian member of Kenya suggested that Nile water to be harness at the Lake Victoria and the water sold with oil Barrel for Barrel ( Garang 1980).

The Jonglei Canal was supposed to be the first British project on the White Nile River marking the British expeditions in the region. The British colonial administration had established three regional capitols cities in Southern Sudan – Juba, Wau and Malakal on the Nile bank that indicate important for British voyage into Southern Sudan. The British had builds several dams the Sudan along the Nile, and these are Senar Dam 1924, Jebel Awulia Dam on 1937. After independent of the Sudan, the Sudanese government had constructed Kashm el Girba Dam on 1964, Roseris Dam 1966 and Merowe Dam on 2009.

These national project was successfully implemented for enhancement on economic growth, agriculture and power generating for Northern region of the Sudan. Also it was a strategy from British government incentive to build Dams in the Sudan and exert control over Egypt to grow cottons for British mills and bound up with British imperial interest.

The canal Jonglie was only unsuccessful national project under British and Egyptian ruled and it was oldest projected initial early by the colonial power since 1898 to benefit Egypt. Both British and Egyptian recognize the Suds’ potential to maximize the flow of the Nile. Egyptian overstated their anxieties over Nile stressing if downstream will over use Nile water their nation will face thirst. Though their concerned had overtaken by the British textile industry interest on high demand for Egyptians cotton supply to British industry Market (Tvedt 2004).

The Canal project was laid into political scrutiny by Southern Sudanese with negative result across three provinces. The later response into political volatilise between North and South and several reasons that can be narrated mainly the pastorals economy of Nilotic depend on swarms for their cattle grassing and fishing during dry seasons. Most importantly, it had brought bitterness particularly against Egyptians who are rock-hard allied to Muslim North of the Sudan and their traditional cooperation that remind the people of Southern Sudan of slave trades during Egyptians ruled.

South Sudan regional government under leadership of Abel Alier was label as a stooge agent of Northern Sudan and accused for compromised South Sudanese interest to Egyptians and Afro-Arab Sudan. The extreme reaction later overwhelmed three provinces capitols, Juba, Malakal and Wau after civil populations informed that Egyptians security force had been station in Upper Nile to protect the canal (Abel Alier 1992).

After achieving South Sudan dream of independent from Afro-Arab of the Sudan, this nation should stand on its own political right in the League of Nations and continue to remember a bitter history of struggle. Indeed, the regime of the day should draw the line from ongoing water crisis between Egypt and Ethiopia. The historical record of domination and slave trade history had shown this beloved nation who are the enemy and friends in dark hours of need during liberation struggles. Facts are crystal clear like a noon-day where the heart of this nation is leaning and the leaders must toe the line.

The author is former MP South Sudan National Assembly Juba. Holder BA politics and Contemporary Governance Birmingham City, MA in political Islam Birmingham. You can reach him on email, or whatsapp +250787325182 Kigali, +211921298887 Juba South Sudan.

The views expressed in this “Opinion Section” belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of The South Sudan Herald. Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at:

NSS threatens punitive action against anyone who speaks ill of its institution

NSS threatens punitive action against anyone who speaks ill of its institution

South Sudan’s National Security Services and the Internal Security Bureau issued a joint statement on Friday, denying the arrest of Larson Angok, a musician who disappeared into thin air in Wau last week, sparking speculation on Facebook.

In a statement, the office of the NSS warned members of the public and individuals against engaging in false accusations with the aim of tainting the image of the National Security Services.

“This press statement is to clear out the misinformation and inform the general public that—the National Security Services and Internal Security Bureau have nothing to do with the arrest and detention of the artist [Larson Angok] as widely claimed.”

“Misinformation issued by negative personalities and [anyone] or any group of people who blatantly engages in defamation of the NSS shall be punished in accordance with relevant laws of the country.”

Larson Angok was arrested in the capital, Wau, by a group of security personnel who initially appeared to be members of the National Security Services, but all the security agencies denied responsibility.

According to his family, Angok was accused of composing controversial songs of a political nature and opposing policies of the SPLM.

South Sudan, Ethiopian police sign bilateral cooperation in Juba

South Sudan and Ethiopia’s police chiefs sign bilateral agreement in Juba | Photo: SSNPS

South Sudan National Police Service (SSNPS) has signed a bilateral agreement with Ethiopian Federal Police commission. In a ceremony held at the South Sudan Ministry of Interior headquarters, in the capital, Juba.

The signing which was attended by South Sudan Ambassador to Ethiopia and designated Ethiopian Ambassador to South Sudan reached a joint recommendations which includes, exchange of security information on the organized and transnational crimes, capacity building, training of South Sudan police officers at Ethiopian police Colleges and universities level, cooperation and border management and joint security investigation, sharing and transfer of experience and coordination among others.

In his address, the Inspector General of South Sudan National Police Service, Gen. Majak Akec Malok noted that the MoU between South Sudan National Police and Ethiopian Federal police will double up the efforts and cooperation on many issues including security intelligence, information sharing, control of organized crimes and training of South Sudan National Police Service officers in Ethiopia.

“This is the beginning and good gesture between South Sudan police and Ethiopian Federal police,” Akech said.

“For us, we are very delighted and privileged to have you and it will be long lasting relationships that will actually path way for other generations to come.”

In his remarks, the commissioner General of Ethiopian Federal police C. G. Demelash Gebremicheal noted that the presence of the SSNPS counterparts at this time shows strong commitment to work towards eradicating challenges, including joint policing in fighting crime between the two countries.

Tut Gatluak tightens his grip on power, blocking Kuol, Awet from meeting Kiir

News—The Presidential Advisor on Security Affairs, Tut Gatluak Manime has barred senior members of the SPLM Politburo, Kuol Manyang Juuk, and Daniel Awet Akot from meeting President Kiir in his office.

Juuk, who was a freedom fighter, accused Tut Kew and other former members of the NCP of hijacking the SPLM, which they hated and betrayed to the Sudanese government.

“Now they have taken the country and the presidency. They are in the states as governors. They are here in the cabinet as ministers. They are in the secretariat of the SPLM. They are in parliament. They are in the army. They are in the security (service). They are in police. They are in all the institutions holding key positions,” said the senior Presidential Advisor, Kuol Manyang Juuk during an interview.

After the independence of South Sudan in July 2011, several former NCP members from South Sudan joined the SPLM and expressed their desire to serve their country.

With a spirit of national reconciliation, they were integrated into the party, also former militia leaders were merged into the liberation army, the SPLA.

The civil war of 2013 contributed to form new circles around the president and paved the way for the emergence of new faces in the government institutions.

However, Juuk remained loyal to Salva Kiir and he even took the defence ministry in 2013 when the civil war broke out. Juuk was blacklisted and sanctioned by the U.S. in December 2019 for “his role in perpetuating South Sudan‘s years-long conflict by obstructing the country’s stalled peace process.”

Kuol said Kiir appointed him as the Senior Presidential Adviser but it is not easy for him to meet the president.

“I was appointed by President Salva as Senior Presidential Adviser which means I am the head of advisers. But I am not being allowed to even meet the President by Tut Kew and this is for several months,” he said naming the Presidential Adviser for Security Affairs.

The influential Tut Kew or Tut Gatluak Manime who is the Bul-Nuer ethnic group is often criticized and described as an adoptive son of the former Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir.

The senior presidential aide went further to say he now meets the president outside official channels.

“Yes I meet the president, but this is outside official channels. We meet sometimes when there is a meeting at the level of the Political Bureau at the SPLM Secretariat. We meet sometimes when comrade (Vice President) James Wani wants us to meet and discuss something related to the work of the SPLM in which the President will participate. These are the occasions in which I meet the President. But in my capacity as the Senior Presidential Adviser, it takes time,” said Juuk.

Daniel Awet Akot, a senior SPLM member and former presidential Adviser, former minister and former governor, recently called on President Kiir to step down and hand over power to presidential affairs minister Nhial Deng Nhial.

“I have always reiterated in our SPLM PB [Political Bureau] meetings that we are mentally incapacitated and exhausted; Let’s hand over the remaining part of our vision to Nhial Deng to clean our image internationally,” he said during a meeting with elders on Sunday.

CES Governor Appoints Juba City Mayor, 2 Deputies

The Governor of Central Equatoria State, Emmanuel Adil Anthony, has appointed Kalisto Lado as the new Mayor of the Juba City Council.

In the same gubernatorial decree, Solomon Pitya and Thiik Thiik Mayardit were also appointed as deputies for Administration & Finance and Infrastructure Development, respectively.

The Gubernatorial Decree As Delivered

Equatoria State Gubernatorial Decree No.12/2021 for the Appointment of Mayor and Deputies Mayor for Juba City Council, Central Equatoria State, 2021 A.D.

  1. Title and Commencement:

This Decree shall be cited as “Gubernatorial Decree No.12/2021 for the appointment of Mayor and Deputies Mayor for Juba City Council, Central Equatoria State, 2021 A.D” and shall come into force on the date of its signature by the Governor of Central Equatoria State.

  1. The Decree:

In exercise of powers conferred upon me by Republican Decree No.51/2020 of the President, Republic of South Sudan, read together with Article 99 (2)(a) of the Transitional Constitution of Central Equatoria State, 2012 (as amended) and Section 53 (2) of the Local Government Act, 2009.

I, Emmanuel Adil Anthony Wani, Governor of Central Equatoria State do hereby issue this Decree for the appointment of Mayor and Deputies Mayor for Juba City Council, Central Equatoria State with effect from Friday March 19, 2021 as hereunder:

• 1) Cde. Kalisto Lado Faustino | Juba Mayor

• 2) Cde. Solomon Pitiya Nyambur | Deputy Mayor for Administration and Finance

• 3) Cde. Thiik Thiik Mayardit | Deputy Mayor for Infrastructure Development

‘He Loved Morning Sex’ – Tanzania’s 1st Lady Eulogises Late Husband Magufuli

The wife of the late John Magufuli said she would miss the morning sex she always had with her late husband | file

Tanzania—Tanzania’s first lady, Janet Magufuli, has eulogized her late husband following his death which occurred on Wednesday evening. In an emotional speech delivered to the state, the former First Lady could not relent to let out her feeling. The former primary 5 teacher recalled the precious moments she shared together with the late Tanzanian President while he was alive.

Beside being a jovial man full of humor and laughter, the First Lady recalled how her late husband was also romantic when it comes to love. The First Lady said that she will truly miss the good moments they shared together.

“He loved morning sex, I will dearly miss him so much.”, said Janet Magufuli. She also added that President Magufuli was a dedicated man who had passion for Tanzanian and was committed in ensuring their economy prosper to another level.

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