IGAD faults Kiir, Machar for allocating states without consulting SSOA

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir Mayardit and his Deputy Dr. Riek Machar Teny | Photo: File
President Salva Kiir Mayardit and First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar at the State House in Juba | Photo: File

June 19, 2020 (Thessherald)–The East African regional body, IGAD, has now criticized President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the First Vice-president Dr. Riek Machar for unilaterally allocating the States without prior consultation with members of the South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA), one of the signatory parties to the R-ARCSS.

In a statement, the Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Dr Workneh Gebeyehu, said the move contravenes the peace agreement, noting that the two leaders have not right to impose their decisions on the other members of the presidency without consulting them.

“President Salva Kiir and FVP Dr. Riek Machar have no right to make the final decision without the other members of the Presidency,” Gebeyehu tweeted on Thursday.

“Its clearly a violation of R-ARCSS and as IGAD would like to express our concerns over the recent resolution of states that it was wrong and you should sit 6 of you and come up with the right and final decision for the people of South Sudan.”

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar held a meeting on June 17, 2020, and agreed to allocate the states among the parties as follows:

  • The Former ITGONU shall nominate the Governors for each of the following six (6) States;

(a) Northern Bahr El Ghazel State

(b) Warrap State

(c) Lakes State

(d) Eastern Equatoria State,

(e) Central Equatoria State

(f) Unity State

  • The SPLM (IO) shall nominate the governor for each of the following three (3) States;

a) Western Bahr El Ghazel State

b) Western Equatoria State

c) Upper Nile State

  • The South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) shall nominate the Governor for Jonglei State.

However, the resolution was rejected by members of the South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA), citing that they were not consulted in the first place.

Communiqué: IGAD Council Of Ministers on the situation in South Sudan

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 71ST EXTRA-ORDINARY SESSION OF IGAD COUNCIL OF MINISTERS ON THE SITUATION IN SOUTH SUDAN 23rd April 2020 Virtual Meeting

April 23, 2020 (Thessherald)–The IGAD Council of Ministers held its 71st Extra-Ordinary Session on the 23rd April 2020 via zoom video conference, under the chairpersonship of H.E. Asma Abdalla, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Sudan to deliberate on the status of implementation of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The meeting was attended by H.E. Mahmoud Ali Youssouf, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Djibouti; H.E. Gedu Andargachew, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; H.E. Amb. Raychelle Omamo, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Ahmed Isse Awad, Minister for Affairs of the Federal Republic of Somalia; H.E. Amb. Beatrice Khamisa Wani, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Sudan; and H.E. Sam Kutesa, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uganda.

Also, in attendance were H.E. Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu Negewo, the Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E. Amb. Dr. Ismail Wais, the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan; H.E. Amb. Lt. Gen. Augostino Njoroge, Interim Chair of RJMEC; and H.E. Maj. Gen. Teshome Gemechu, Chair of CTSAMVM.

After listening to a statement by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Sudan, H.E. Amb. Beatrice Khamisa Wani, and reports by the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, H.E. Amb. Ismail Wais, and the Interim Chairperson of RJMEC, H.E. Amb. Lt. Gen. Augostino Njoroge;

The Council:

  1. Congratulated the people of South Sudan and the Parties to the R-ARCSS on the formation of the Revitalized Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) and appreciated the leadership of the Parties especially President Salva Kiir Mayardit and First Vice President Dr. Riek Machar for the compromise reached in the formation of the R-TGoNU;
  2. Applauded the critical role played by the IGAD Heads of State and Government in helping resolve the deadlock on the number of states and their boundaries paving the way for the formation of the R-TGoNU;
  3. Acknowledged and lauded the persistence and zeal of the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan and other regional Special Envoys in supporting the implementation of the R-ARCSS as well as the important work that Agreement mechanisms and institutions are doing in particular RJMEC and CTSAMVM in monitoring the implementation of the R-ARCSS;
  4. Noted with concern delays in the completion of some important pretransitional tasks such as the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA); and in this regard, urged the President of the Republic to dissolve the incumbent TNLA before 30th April 2020, and called upon the Parties to reconstitute the TNLA in accordance with the R-ARCSS within ten (10) days of the dissolution of the incumbent TNLA;
  5. Also expressed concern with the impasse among the Parties in agreeing on responsibility-sharing at the State and Local Governments levels; and in light of this, called on the Parties to immediately resume discussions and consultations and reach on an agreement within fifteen (15) days of the issuance of this Communique;
  6. Further noted with concern the apparent lack of collegiality and harmony within the Executive of the R-TGoNU as demonstrated by disputes with respect to the appointment of public political appointments, urged the President of the Republic, in the spirit of inclusivity and harmony, to undertake the necessary consultations with concerned officials and organs in accordance with the R-ARCSS or the TCSS 2011 (as amended) while making public political appointments;
  7. Observes that the substantive alterations made to the Constitutional Amendment Bill, as submitted by the NCAC, and passed as Constitutional Amendment Act by the TNLA contravene the provisions of the R-ARCSS, and hence are null and void;
  8. Alarmed by the recent defections within Parties to the R-ARCSS that is breeding mistrust and mutual suspicion among them, urges the Parties to refrain from encouraging, enticing or rewarding defections and defectors in order to maintain a peaceful and harmonious environment conducive for the implementation of the Agreement;
  9. Called on Parries in particular SSOA and OPP to resolve their internal divisions and wrangles amicably as it is causing serious delays and posing challenges in the implementation of the Peace Agreement;
  10. Noted the failure of the Parties to the R-ARCSS in observing the 35% women representation requirement in the Executive of the R-TGoNU as provided in the R-ARCSS; and urged all Parties to ensure that the 35% women representation is respected and adhered to in future nominations to various public offices;
  1. Aware of the financial predicaments of CTSAMVM and the DDR Commission, appealed to Member States and the international community to expeditiously provide the required financial and material support to the mechanisms to enable them to effectively discharge their respective mandates;
  2. Cognizant of the serious multifaceted threats posed by the COVID 19 pandemic in the implementation of the Peace Agreement; decided to work closely with the Government of South Sudan and regional and international partners to help mitigate and overcome the economic, financial and humanitarian crises that are caused by the pandemic;
  3. Welcomed the signing on 13th February 2020 of the Rome Resolution on Monitoring and Verification of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 2017, between the South Sudan Opposition Movement Alliance (SSOMA) and ITGoNU, and endorsed it with a view to create a conducive environment for an all-inclusive peace process in South Sudan;
  4. Decided to remain seized of the matter. Done on 23rd April 2020

IGAD strongly condemns terrorist assassination attempt on Hamdok

Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok speaks during an official meeting in Sudan/ Photo: File

(Thessherald)–The IGAD Executive Secretary has strongly condemned, in a statement, an assassination attempt on His Excellency Aballa Hamdock, Prime Minister of the Republic of Sudan and the Chair of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government.

“The Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu, condemns in the strongest terms the assassination attempt on H.E Aballa Hamdock, Prime Minister of the Republic of Sudan and the Chair of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government, following a car bomb attack on his official convoy at the Cooper Bridge in capital Khartoum today.”

The statement further added that: “The Executive Secretary conveys his relief that Prime Minister Hamdok was unharmed in this appalling incident and calls for an immediate and speedy investigation in order to bring the perpetrators of this crime to justice.”

The Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) stated that the recent terrorist attack on Hamdok was aimed at destabilizing and jeopardizing ongoing efforts to bring about reforms and democracy in the country.

“This incident seeks to reverse the people-driven democratic gains that have been witnessed in the Republic of Sudan. The IGAD Executive Secretary emphasises that the “interests and the aspiration of the people of Sudan will reign over all acts of terror.”

He further adds that all parties must adhere to the continuation of open, comprehensive and inclusive political dialogue as the only avenue to ensuring long-term stability, peace and prosperity.

“IGAD calls upon the international community to stand with the people and the government of the Republic of Sudan by extending the requisite political, diplomatic and material support during this transitional period to ensure that the foundations of peace, security and stability are firmly established as the people of Sudan chart the path to their future.”

South Sudan government rejects IGAD proposal to establish 23 states

Sudan's PM Hamdok chairs a meeting of the IGAD leaders in Addis Ababa on 9 Feb 2020 -IGAD photo)
February 9, 2020 (Thessherald) – South Sudanese government has rejected a compromise proposed by the IGAD special envoys to adopt 23 states as a solution to end the disagreement over the number of states.

The South Sudanese government on Sunday issued a statement saying that the IGAD Council of Ministers on Saturday 8 February adopted a proposal made by the IGAD envoys providing to establish 23 states in the absence of the South Sudanese foreign minister.

The statement which was released late during the night from Addis Ababa where is held the annual summit of the head of states and governments of the African Union further added that the proposal was rejected by the South Sudanese president during a meeting of the IGAD head of states and governments.

“The Government of the Republic of South Sudan objected and argued to maintain its position of 32 States,” said the statement.

“Moreover, the Government proposed that the R-TGON (revitalized transitional government), which will be inclusive of all the signatories, be formed in time and given the responsibility to resolve the outstanding issues including the number and boundaries of the States,” it further said.

Before the issuance of the statement, Information Minister and Government Spokesperson Michael Makuei told the official TV that his government rejects the IGAD’s proposal on the 23 states.

He further said that the SPLM-IO leader Riek Machar instead of standing with his initial proposal of 23 states went further to call for a 10-state territorial administrative system.

“But our position is clear, we are not ready to even change a single state,” he said before to add that this a popular demand, not a government’s decision.

Makuei further said that when they saw Machar backing the 10 states they stopped the discussions.

“We told him that we are no longer ready to continue and the only thing we can do is to suspend the talks and go to inform the people about your position and the position of the government”.

He stressed that the government will accept whatever the people decide.

Accordingly, the information minister announced that they will go back to Juba to inform people and hold a consultation with them before to decide.

Also, he called on Machar to be ready to defend his position before the people of South Sudan.

UN Secretary-General on Saturday made a very strongly worded message to the South Sudanese leaders on Saturday as he called to end quarrelling on the critical issues and to end the suffering of South Sudanese.

“So, I have one with one simple message to the leaders of the country: think about your people. Respect your people”.

The parties have only 13 days before the end of the 100-day extension of the pre-transitional period as they have to form the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) on 22 February 2020.

In a statement on Sunday, the IGAD leaders said they agreed to the request of the President Salva Kiir Mayardit to conduct further consultations with his constituents and report back to the IGAD Chair on 15 February 2020.

The decision was taken after a meeting including, Presidents Salva Kiir, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda and Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok of Sudan and Riek Machar SPLM-IO leader.

The South Sudanese government disclosed that IGAD heads of states and governments will meet in Juba “on/or before the 18th February 2020, for a final decision on the number and Boundaries of States”.

The Troika countries on Friday called on the peace parties to make the needed concessions on the sticky issues and stressed that the IGAD and the African Union meetings on South Sudan in Addis might be the last chance to get the process back on track before the deadline

Full text: Communiqué of the 34th Extraordinary Summit of IGAD Heads of State and Government 

Official Emblem of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, (Photo: File)

February 10, 2020 (SSNN)—The 34th Extraordinary Summit of the IGAD Heads of State and Government was held on 8 February 2019 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, under the chairmanship of H.E. Dr. Abdalla Hamdok, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Sudan. The meeting was attended by H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda; H.E. Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan; H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia; H.E. Amb. Raychelle Omamo, Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya; and H.E. Hirut Zememe, State Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
Also in attendance were, H.E. Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu Negewo, Executive Secretary of IGAD; H.E. Smail Chergui, Peace and Security Commissioner of the AUC; H.E. Amb. Dr. Ismail Wais, IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan; H.E. Amb. Mohamed Ali Guyo, IGAD Special Envoy for the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden and Somalia; H.E. Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka, Kenya Special Envoy to South Sudan; H.E. Jamal El Sheikh, Sudan Special Envoy to South Sudan; H.E. Amb. Lt. Gen. Augostino Njoroge, Interim Chair of RJMEC; and H.E. Maj. Gen. Teshome Gemechu, Chair of CTSAMVM.

The Extraordinary Summit was preceded by the 70th Extraordinary Session of the IGAD Council of Ministers held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in the morning of 8th February 2020.

After in-depth deliberations on the Report of the 70th Extraordinary Session of the Council of Ministers to the Summit and the report of the IGAD Special Envoy for South Sudan, the Summit:

On South Sudan:

  • 1. Took note of the progress made in the implementation of pretransitional tasks within the extended one hundred days, and the financial, logistical and coordination related challenges that the implementation of the R-ARCSS is facing especially in relation to transitional security arrangements;
  • 2. Appreciated the relentless mediation efforts exerted by the regional Special Envoys from IGAD and South Africa in an attempt to resolve the issue of the number of states and their boundaries; and noted that mediation effort of the Special Envoys has hit a deadlock;
  • 3. Further noted that only thirteen days are left before the end of the one hundred-day extension of the deadline for the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) on 22nd February 2020;
  • 4. Cognizant of the fact that the formation of R-TGoNU has been postponed twice in May and November 2019 and that further extension is neither desirable nor feasible at this stage of the peace process;
  • 5. Further recognizing that the issue of the number of states and their boundaries is an internal South Sudanese matter and hence solution should come from only from the South Sudanese people;
  • 6. Underscoring the need to form an all-inclusive R-TGoNU on firm foundations;
  • 7. Directed that tripartite consultations be held between H.E Prime Minister Hamdock, H.E President Yoweri Museveni and H.E
    President Salva Kiir Mayardit that included Dr. Riek Machar, Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of SPLM/ A-IO and the IGAD Executive Secretary H.E Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu on the 9th
    February 2020 and report back;
  • 8. Held the tripartite consultations as directed by the Summit on the 9th February 2020 that reviewed the recommendations made in the report of the 70th IGAD Council of Ministers;
  • 9. Agreed to the request of the president of South Sudan H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit to conduct further consultations with his constituents and report back to the IGAD Chair on the 15th of February 2020;
  • 10. Emphasized the need to speak in one voice and avoid parallel processes that would further complicate the situation.