The main armed opposition group, SPLM/A-IO, has issued a statement condemning the recent attacks on its forces by the SSPDF forces in Kedbek, Nasir county.
“On Monday, 15h March, 2021, the SPLA-IO defensive position of Ketbek in Nasir surprisingly came under aggressive attack from some anti peace elements within the SSPDF base in Nasir. They burned down ketbek base to ashes making the SPLA-IO to tactically withdraw to Pananyang in respect of the R-ARCSS,” said Lam Paul Gabriel, SPLA-IO Deputy Military Spokesperson.
The opposition party strongly criticized the government forces for starting the violence at a time when the whole country is yearning for peace.
“The SPLA-IO is aware of the start of the clashes between the SSPDF and civilians in Koat on Sunday 14 March, 2021 where they also burnt civilian’s houses and destroyed other properties. The SPLA-IO would like to make it clear that its forces in Ketbek didn’t start or influenced the fight in Koat but wonders why its base was attacked and destroyed at this time when majority of the suffering South Sudanese want peace.”
The opposition lauded the top leadership of the SSPDF for pledging to bring perpetrators to account.
“The SPLA-IO acknowledged the effort from the SSPDF high command to bring those responsible for the violations in Ketbek to account; however, its calling upon the JDB, CTSAMVM and UNMISS to investigate this violation as mandated by the R-ARCSS.”
“The SPLA-IO remains committed to the implementation of the Security Arrangement and reserve the right to self defense when aggressed. LIBERATION 17MAR 2021 Col. Lam Paul Gabriel SPLA-IO Deputy Military.”
The nascent nation had and continues to experience stuttering journey that shaped the history of its past starting from June 12th and 13th 1947 Juba conference to its present day 2021. Such a journey, in a chronological sequence, played a series dramatic shift in both negative and positive way in a very unimaginable manner. The birth of the Republic of South Sudan in its entirety is reminiscent of such journey, though the aftermath of social and political breakdown, which originated from the December 15, 2013, violent conflict that resulted into systematic extermination of the innocent Nuer civilians before it expanded to the rest of tribes in South Sudan, has its fundamental backing from that experience.
Ironically, it could be argued that the path to a greater future is unimaginably predictable given the nature of political development and its changing inclinations. However, time and space intertwine in unpredictably controllable manner, and this would play out in a way that set the recorded time that identified the current spoilers of social and political fabric, corroborators of such mischief and how to foster a comprehensive postwar recovery to achieve a viable nation reflective of social and political accountability.
In a move that shook the young nation, the spoilers of social and political fabric began their dirty tactics of dividing the nation well beyond the 2005 CPA signed in Naivasha in a very negative way to achieve their selfish political objective. The identities of these people are salient to South Sudanese common men and women on street as their deeds relentlessly prevail on streets for the obvious reasons the people of South Sudan know. Through deception and outwitting, such personalities assumed superiority over others without objectively identifying what would appear to be the weakness of their social and political calculation.
As John Garang braced for unification of the Sudan as one Republic State, he then worked on brainwashing few elements to assume superiority over their ordinary colleagues without definitive charisma the society requires. Such assumption made these individuals victim of their political conscience, whether in a positive or not negative way. The failure of Anya Nya I movement led by Samuel Gach Tut had its direct result from these rogues’ hidden agenda. The emergent of the chaotic situation leading to the death of Gaajaak Nuer and the rest of South Sudanese starting from 1985 to 1987 was a direct result of these assassins. The occurrence of the SPLM/A 1991 split was a direct result of these people’s faulty play. The political wrangling between the party leaders during and after 2008 convention has its fundamental roots from their selfish miscalculation.
The classification of tribes, some being viewed as second class citizens and some claiming the ownership as liberators of others, was a direct result of their work. The staging of a political protest held on December 6, 2013, prior to the outbreak of the civil war, in a nutshell, was also a direct result of their savagery. All these are evidenced on social media and human rights organizations accountable for recording and keeping of such records as these are not fabrications. In their words, but reframed to fit the content, they have been saying all along to the people of South Sudan that they are the SPLM/A; they are the liberators; they are savior of the nation; they should be the ones to profit; that their honor should remain above all odds; that if not recognized should timely detract South Sudan from achieving her dream; that they will fit tribes against each other; that nobody else should deserve right to leadership accept them; that they will be praised as lords and embezzle money whenever they want and deserve no investigation; and that they would set the country ablaze.
All these characteristics are found in the personalities of antidevelopment individuals hiding under the shadow of a black hut and the associates, the principal representatives of the Republic of South Sudan. Who are the associates, whether by social and political association or any person that does not seek answer to any political breakdown, or exempting the leadership from being held accountable to this failure, are the ones we called black hut’s associates? The down spiraling of activities, which originated from their work, drained South Sudan down the rabbit hole with which correcting it would be very hard if strategic care is not considered.
Another group to blame are the corroborators of social and political mischief that has taken shape in South Sudan. This social and political mischief has been boldened by both the opposition groups and the IG together with regional and international allies, which played a disproportionate role of a great importance resulting in the death of the system, sub-institutions, and the basic delivery of services to the rightful beneficiaries at the grassroot level. History may recall the “animal farm” and its ironic plays as it stood out in all the political developments and thier twists and turns.
People may recall, the holocaust, the Rwanda genocide, and all the “fall of empires” from East to West, North to South and the outcome realized across the world that the consequences were far reaching and debilitating to both victims and perpetuators. Successes in bringing the perpetuators to book across the world were entirely influenced by the direct involvement of the international community that was willfully disagreeing with people violating human rights across the world. However, in the case of Republic of South Sudan, the region together with allies, have become the sole corroborators who, with the act of intent, solidify their support to the incumbent administration in Juba to coerce her people.
The corroborators, because of their socioeconomic and geopolitical affiliations interestingly played cat and mouse game in a way that put them on spotlights due to their participation in genocidal act committed against innocent civilians in Juba by the regime in question. Their bipartisan relationship made them to cover up the evidence and allegedly side with the culprit even when they should easily correct the mistake saliently at play before their very watch. Look at the regional leaders in the like of Museveni, Uhuru Kenyatta, Egypt, and their hidden agenda against the people of South Sudan. The cover up of evidence and the fault mediation they have been facilitating in an interest none other than theirs for over 7 years is a direct betrayal to the rule of law, justice, and accountability in South Sudan.
Look at Africa Union and the international collaborators doing the underground works in the interest of peace yet are testifying in the name of peace when in fact the benefit of such peace is not being realized by the common person on the street. Such corroborators’ works made South Sudan a police state to ensure that their economic gain is boisterously bolstered, and to ensure that the intended act of ethnic cleansing would successfully meet its due course to the best of the incumbent leadership’s ability.
If regional leaders that supposed to protect vulnerable population are the very people betraying such trust, the Napoleon of South Sudan in his black hut would notoriously continue to spray South Sudanese with Museveni of Uganda’s cluster bomb that was used against the white army during 2014 in Jonglie State. The famous quote “money is the root of all evils” significantly fits the personality of the Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) who spoiled the good name of Jieng by turning South Sudan tribes against the Jieng community. The first paragraph squarely hosts this group for their dirty politics.
Thanks goodness, the Jieng intellectuals are becoming vocal to account their voice as it has been silenced for quite sometimes. Has it not been for hosted shows that voiced their disapproval of the JCE as their mouthpiece, they would equally remain the representation of the 1.5million Jieng community that has nothing to do with their selfish benefit? Let not be blinded by the other corroborators that are crying wolves for decamping the SPLM-IO with the hope of being able to earn the Napoleon, the great of South Sudan’s trust, but miserably failed to, at last, earn such trust. In George Orwell’s argument that some animals betrayed the rebellion and joined up with the King to bolster his power represents the disgruntled opposition groups that pledged allegiance to the black hut Napoleon of South Sudan. Their hurtful intension was painstakingly unbearable and have equally played the role of ethnic cleansing.
However, it is apparent that we should not only give due attention to the spoilers’ and corroborators’ misdeeds, but also the postwar recovery as the parties in agreement gear up, yet for undoing a complete cessation of hostility. This means that the unpredictable experience that detoured the to be good and compelling history of South Sudan will need to be erased and jointly foster a new South Sudan order that favors a viable system, unlike thievery manifested by bigotry. In fact, fostering a Comprehensive postwar recovery is not an easy task, rather requires utmost commitment and a great deal of accountability. It is doable if care and strategic approaches are considered. Peace by its people from grassroot level (bottom-up process) could change the way things manifested before the very watch of every individual South Sudanese. This can be done by impowering the grassroot communities, the technocrats and institutional accountability.
Consolidating and harmonizing the revenue and raising the nation’s GDP could change and transform the country for better. There are multiple resources untapped in South Sudan and these should be utilized to ensure prosperity of the country. Mandating the anti-grab department to compartmentalize corruption would also bolster such change required as people that were accused of stealing from government coffers get sanctioned and caged to reduce the flow of such embezzlement initiated at the higher level. Direct or indirect restitution of all the victims would encourage far reaching healing and recovery and so the reconciliation processes. Opening free and transparent trade relationship with neighbors would boost the capacity of revenue collection for the benefit of both countries in each border point.
In conclusion, time and space have told us that there was a faulty start, and this should be corrected if due attention is strongly encouraged. Elimination of selfish interest can be the core aspect of changing the social and political perception being implemented by the spoilers and corroborators of injustice. The republic of South Sudan is very rich in human and financial capital and all it requires is a set system that can set things in order. Empowering the institutions to account for the welfare of the nation, its people and resources is the baseline for which no objection would be warranted. Spoilers and corroborators have done so much damage and loosely encouraged people to continue wracking havoc the Republic of South Sudan.
The Great Napoleon of South Sudan has grown horns because of their unthinkable strategies, which could have, otherwise, been stopped from getting to this level. Since it went undetected, our postwar recovery strategy should play a role in fostering unity and this should be achieved through consolidating the manpower and resources to ensure prosperity, which can be realized by the people at large. With time and space, the Republic of South Sudan would be better off without the spoilers and corroborators that are still working against the postwar recovery under the Museveni’s disciple of the Republic of South Sudan.
Nhial K. Wicleek, a concern citizen of South Sudan. He is reachable at email@example.com
The views expressed in this “Opinion Section” belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of The South Sudan Herald. Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-IO has announced the lifting of travel restrictions imposed on ITGNU officials allied to the Kiir administration.
The SPLM-IO deputy spokesperson, Manawa Peter Gatkouth said the step taken by the SPLM-IO shows their commitment to uniting the people of South Sudan bringing them under one government.
“All the territories of South Sudan belong to one government led by President Salva Kiir, and Dr. Riek Machar and other Vice Presidents,” said Manawa during an interview with Radio Miraya.
Speaking to the media after attending a peace mission in Jonglei state, Gatkuoth noted that from now on, all government officials, regardless of their political affiliations, can now travel freely and visit remote areas previously controlled by the main opposition group, SPLM-IO.
This is the first time the main armed opposition group has relaxed travel restrictions imposed on ITGNU officials since the conflict erupted in mid-December 2013.
Last month, the Ministry of Education, at the request of the President’s office, banned Primary Leaving Examinations in areas controlled by the SPLM-IO, citing insecurity and bureaucratic impediments.
“Security threats in most of the SPLM-IO bases in parts of Jonglei and Upper Nile State. Case in point is the recent detention of Staff belonging to an agent contracted by the National Ministry of General Education and Instruction to pay teachers’ incentives in Nyiror in Jonglei State.”
South Sudan’s government and opposition groups signed the R-ARCSS in September 2018 aimed ending years of violence that has claimed thousands lives and displaced millions from their homes.
The newly appointed Governor of Upper Nile State, Budhok Ayang Aney Kur, has issued a new gubernatorial decree, appointing Koang Tharjiath Thoch Chuol as Deputy Coordinator of Upper Nile State.
The Gubernatorial Decree
Gubernatorial order No. 08/2021 For the Appointment of Deputy Coordinator of Upper Nile State Coordination office in Juba.
Title and Commencement:—This Order shall be cited as gubernatorial order No.08/2021 For the Appointment of Deputy Coordinator of Upper Nile State Coordination office in Juba and shall come into force on the date of its signature by the Governor.
The Order:—In exercise of the powers conferred upon me under article 99(2) A of the Transitional Constitution of Upper Nile State 2011 and in reference with Presidential Decree No. 05/2021 dated on 05th February 2021.
I, Lt. Gen. Budhok Ayang Aney Kur, Governor of Upper Nile State do hereby issue this Gubernatorial Order for the appointment of Mr. Koang Tharjiath Thoch Chuol as Deputy Coordinator of Upper Nile State coordination office in Juba Issued under my hand and the seal of Upper Nile State government on this 22 day of February 2021 AD.
February 23rd, Taban-led group has lodged a formal complaint against South Sudan’s President Salva Mayardit over what they termed as “exclusion” from the ongoing appointments of state officials.
“Your Excellency issued Decree No:11, 12, 13, 14 establishing the State Government of Central Equatoria, Northern Bhar el Gazal, Unity and Warrap States respectively. We are indeed deeply shocked and dismayed because the Decree omitted the nominees of the former SPLM/A-IO led by Gen. Taban Deng Gai despite the fact that we are part of ITGONU as clearly stipulated in Article 1.3.1 of the R- ARCSS 2018,” said former SPLM-IO officials in a letter signed by 40 officials.
The group expressed concerns that if they are to miss appointments from other pending states, it means that they will be excluded from the unity government forever.
“Our serious fear is that if the bad development in these states is copied by the other states, then our group will be completely excluded from participation in the State and local governments in the country.”
“We are also deeply concerned with the proposal of the acting Secretary General of SPLM which was submitted to you concerning the expansion and reconstitution of the National Legislature, Her proposal allocates:
• 165 seats for those elected to Juba NLA in 2010 to be maintained.
• 91 seats for those elected to the Legislative Assembly in Khartoum in 2010 to be maintained.
• 47 Presidential appointees to the NLA in 2011 to be maintained.
“Thus the total number of seats for the SPLM alone will be 303 out of 332 leaving only 29 seats for the other parties in ITGONU. Furthermore out of the 29 seats, ten will be allocated to some elected members in 2010 leaving only 19 seats for those who were appointed in 2016. If her formula is followed, it means that the majority of the 68 Presidential appointees in 2016 as a result of the 2015 ARCSS will have been excluded.”
“Consequently the 50members of the former SPLM/A-I0 led by Gen. Taban Deng Gai will have been wickedly excluded. Your Excellency, our humble prayer to you is to maintain the unity of our people and parties which have been historically supporting you since the 2016 crisis by distributing the 332 seats fairly.”
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a presidential decree on Saturday appointing state ministers, commissioners, advisors, and heads of independent commission in Central Equatoria State.
Below are the details of the appointed officials:
• Hon. Wayi Godwill Lo Bizi Edward, minister of cabinet affairs (IO)
• Hon. Moro Genesio minister of local government and law enforcement (SSOA)
• Hon. Gerald Francis, minister of peace building (IG)
• Hon. Taban Emmanuel Baya minister of parliamentary and legal affairs (IO)
• Hon. Paulino Lukudu minister of information and communication (OPP)
• Hon. Dorrin Wosuk Ladu, minister of culture, youth and sports (IO)
• Hon. Diana Susu Hassan, minister of finance, planning and investment (IG)
• Hon. Wani Tom Sebit, minister of trade and industry (IG)
• Hon. Lily Kafuki Paul, minister of agriculture, environment and forestry (SSOA)
• Hon. Alex Latio Elia, Minister of animal resources, fisheries and tourism (IG)
• Hon. Peter Lujo Yospeta, Minster of cooperative and rural development (IO)
• Hon. Flora Gabriel Modi, minister of housing, land and public utilities (IG)
• Hon. Mawa A. Moses, Minister of roads and bridges (IG)
• Hon. Modi John Molla, labour, Minister of public service and human resource (IG) • Hon. Nejua Marshal, minister of health (IG)
• Cirisio Zachariah, Minister of general education and instructions (IO)
• Martin Mollai Dodo, gender, Minister of child and social welfare (IG)
• James Modi Laku, state advisor on peace and security (SSOA)
• David Wani, state advisor on economic affairs (IO)
• Jacob Gore Samuel, state advisor on legal affairs (IG)
• Bullen Amos Soro, state advisor on Human rights (IG)
• Mariam A Zachariah, state advisor on gender and social welfare (IG)
• George Wani Elia, Chairperson of anti-corruption (IO) deputised by Kenyi Abiaso
• Asio Moses John, Chairperson of employees justice chamber (IO) deputised by Huda Michael Laila
• Marino Michael Sebit, Chairperson of HIV/AIDS (SSOA)
• Felix Lado Johnson, Chairperson of RRC (IG) deputised by Amal Suleiman
• Isaac Wuri Eluni, Chairperson of human rights (IG) deputised by Emmanuel Kose Wani (IO)
• Henry Kala Sabuni, Chairperson of conflict resolution and reconciliation (IG) deputised by Amule Barnabas Lemi (IG)
• Hon. Charles Joseph Wani, County Commissioner, Juba county (SSOA)
• Hon. Aggrey Cyrus, County Commissioner, Yei River County (IG)
• Hon. Joseph Mawa John, County Commissioner, Morobo county (IG)
• Hon. James Lino Malou Anok, county commissioner, Terekeka county (IO)
• Hon. Emmanuel Khamis, county Commissioner, Lainya county (IG)
• Kenyi Erasto Michael, county Commissioner, Kajokeji county (IO).
Members of the opposition and critics have taken to social media, accusing Nhial Deng Nhial of lying about the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly which was supposed to be finalized on February 15, according to his previous press release issued earlier this month.
“Just imagine, one could lie to more than 12.8 people by issuing a fake press release and get away with it,” said Kalany Mamuon a fierce government critic and a member of the SPLM-IO.
“This is an absolutely irresponsible government that doesn’t live up to its promises and commitment,” said another social media user identified as John Maduk Deng.
Earlier this month, the Minister of Presidential Affairs, Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial issued a statement reassuring the public that the implementation of the Peace Agreement remains on the right track and that the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly would be finalized before or on February 15th. However, the aforementioned deadline has been missed.
“Further to the Press Statement issued on the outcome of the meeting of the Presidency that was held yesterday Tuesday, Feb 2, 2021, the Ministry of Presidential Affairs hereby wishes to declare that the said meeting also resolved that the (R-TGONU) shall finalize the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNLA) and the Council of States on or before February 15, 2021,” Nhial declared in a statement dated February 3, 2021.
Since last year, the parties have come under increasing pressure from peace monitors and the international community to speed up implementation of the peace agreement.
Some of the critical outstanding provisions of the agreement include:
• Reconstitution of the Reconstituted Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNA).
• Graduation of the Necessary Unified Forces, currently undergoing training at various military training centers.
• Establishments of the African Union Hybrid Court for South Sudan.
• And the establishment of the Reconstituted National Constitution and Amendment Committee, a mechanism charged with overseeing and incorporating the R-ARCSS into the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (TCRSS) 2011.
The long-awaited reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly is expected to be finalized today, February 15th, according to a statement issued by the Minister of Presidential Affairs, Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial.
“Further to the Press Statement issued on the outcome of the meeting of the Presidency that was held yesterday Tuesday, Feb 2, 2021, the Ministry of Presidential Affairs hereby wishes to declare that the said meeting also resolved that the (R-TGONU) shall finalize the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNLA) and the Council of States on or before February 15, 2021,” Nhial declared in a press release dated 03/02/2021.
Since last year, the he South Sudanese leaders have come under international pressure to dissolve and reconstitute the Transitional National Legislative Assembly in accordance with the provisions of the peace agreement.
In July 2020, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), during its virtual conference, issued an ultimatum calling on the unity government to urgently reconstitute the new R-TNA. However, the Kiir administration has been reluctant to take their demands into account.
Press Statement For Immediate Release 19 June, 2020
June 19, 2020 (Thessherald)–The office of the First Vice President and Chairman and Commander-in-Chief of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) would like to clarify on the following:
That we agreed with the other major Party (ITGoNU), as Parties, and rightly so, and not as a Presidency, since the matter of allocations of the 10 States is between and among the Parties to the R-ARCSS. Hence, the leadership of the SPLM/SPLA (IO) consulted with the leadership of the other major Party, the ITGoNU (SPLM-IG) which resulted in the agreement to allocate the three States to the SPLM/SPLA (IO). And this is after we also learnt that other Parties had been separately consulting with the major Party (ITGoNU), leaving us with no other choice but to also consult with the major Party and reach an agreement.
Inform the stakeholders in the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) and the general public that we, as a Party to the R-ARCSS, have agreed to the allocation to our Party the gubernatorial positions for the three States of Western Equatoria, Western Bahr El Ghazal and Upper Nile.
SPLM/SPLA (IO) did not decide on behalf of any other Party, be it ITGoNU, SSOA or OPP, on which State to be allocated to which other Party, or which Party gets nothing. We focused on our part of allocation during the consultations involving the ITGoNU.
Since OPPis supposed to be allocated one State governorship per the responsibility sharing ratio in the Agreement, and in case it has agreed to let go its State ratio based on any understanding, we are therefore of the view that this understanding, if any, should be done in writing, signed and be annexed to the R-ARCSS as an Annexure.