RTGNU must live up to its mandate or lose its legitimacy

Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Pierino | Photo: Courtesy

Opinion | By Hon. Oyet Nathaniel Pierino

Opinion —The statements by Troika, EU and IGAD Special Envoy on the occasion of One Year Anniversary of Transitional Period are “hollow” and fall sort of the realities of Implementation of the Peace Agreement.

I know the international community cannot and will never speak for us. They are bound by the prima facie notion and principles of the “sovereign equality of states” and “no interference in the internal matters of other states” etc. The statements by Troika, EU and IGAD only serve to embolden the peace spoilers and particularly elements within ITGNU that have been sabotaging the peace process.

The reality on the ground which we should and shall continue to speak of and alert the world, and friends of South Sudan is that the Peace Implementation has stalled. The assertion that the Peace Agreement is being implemented is a sheer blackmail and a flatter. There is No Political Will to implement the Agreement and deliberate refusal to commit funds for implementation for the last 29 months has severely stifled the Peace Agreement.

Even the formation of RTGNU is not complete at the national and state level after one year long; the ITGNU have been dragging their feet on the Agreement for the last one year,

The Pre Transitional Tasks which had been occasioning perpetual extension for six months and 100 days and later moved to the transitional period have not been touched during the first one year of the transitional period. The parties have been attempting to form a government, of which they have not yet completed the same. What do we have to show during the twelve months of Transitional Period other than attempting to form a government?

Where are the forces we have unified after 29 months; the forces continue to languish under despicable conditions in the cantonments and training centers for the last 2 years. Others have died, or deserted the training centers. Few are only left. This is the master strategy of the ITGNU and group within the country that do not want to implement the Agreement.

The peace spoilers have been succeeding for the last 29 months; they have displayed the highest level of lack of political will, refused to commit funds to implement the Agreement.

There is no any credible justification that South Sudan lack resources to fund the peace Process. The last fund for implementation was released in November of 2019 and it was a peanut. We could have understood that during the Pre Transitional Period it was ITGNU running the government single handedly and therefore may fail to release funds.

How could the government of the Peace Agreement (the RTGNU) composed of parties to the Agreement fails to release funds required to implement the Agreement for the last one year and during the Transitional Period?

Besides, we have been witnessing clear violations of the Peace Agreement by the ITGNU and the SSPDF, namely;

• Failure to adhere to the implementation matrix;

• b) The continuous violation of Permanent Ceasefire including attacks on cantonment sites and training centers themselves;

• c) Refusal to appoint the Governor of Upper Nile;

• d) Violations of the terms of Transitional Constitution 2011 as amended; the President has decided to retain the powers awarded to him under the previus Constitution;

• e) The ongoing parallel training of forces by the elements within the SSPDF around the country; a big concern. Meaning this group is preparing for a war; a violation of the terms of Cessation of Hostilities Agreement;

• f) The encouragement of and breakdown of parties to the Agreement just to mention few;

• g) Reluctance by ITGNU to take part in the Permanent Constitution Making Process displays bad faith in this process;

• h) Refusal to submit names of nominees to the TNLA to NCAC for appointments by the President;

The Peace Agreement is at a crossroad, between “success and collapse”, the security arrangement is over stressed; the forces in the Cantonment and Training Centers are going without food, medicine and shelter etc. Any delay to graduate, unify and deploy these forces may lead to total breakdown of Transitional Security Arrangements, the Permanent Ceasefire and the Agreement altogether;

If RTGNU shall not implement the Agreement as timely as possible it shall forfeit its legitimacy; the forces in Cantonment and training centers that have been waiting to implement Security Arrangement will completely disperse and close those camps. And further delay to implement the Agreement will lead to loss of confidence in the Government of the day.


The writer is a senior member of the SPLM-IO and representative at the National Amendment Committee – a mechanism responsible for overseeing and incorporating the R-ARCSS into the permanent constitution.


The views expressed in this “Opinion Section” belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of The South Sudan Herald. Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

Why Goc Akot Atem is an innocent victim of proxy media war

A response to the allegations concocted against him in the open letter of Concerned Youth

Goc Akot Atem| Photo: Courtesy of the writer

By Deng Rialdit Akook


Dec 8, 2020 (Thessherald)–Opinion | It was last week when a group of hopeless, disgruntled and hunger traumatized youths who proclaimed themselves to be representatives of ten states and three administrative areas rushed to the social media with a fake open letter to the president of the Republic of South Sudan, calling for the urgent dismissal of Deng Wal, Goc Akot Atem and Eng. Akol Santo Arech.

In their open letter to the president, The unknown thirteen proclaimed representatives of ten states and three administrative areas under of the name of non existing Concerned Youth, levelled baseless allegations against a kind hearted potential man Cde Goc Akot Atem.

The self imposed representatives in their open letter accused Cde Goc Akot of donating over 50 cars mostly V8 and premios to his home boys of Awan Pajok, exposing himself to the public as a presidential waiter, turning himself into a millionaire and politician, buying of quarter of juba City luxurious buildings, and so many unfounded allegations.

Before I respond to the above allegations fabricated against a respected and kind potential youth Cde Goc Akot, I would like to bring into the attention of the youth of South Sudan that there is no association or union called ” Concerned Youth of Ten States and Three Administrative Areas”. The only legitimate body that represents the youth at the state level is the State Youth Union. The Concerned Youth of Ten States and Three Administrative Areas was created by the desperate lobbyists who are lobbying for various positions in the presidency.

The thirteen names of the individuals who claimed to be representatives of Concerned youth are all fake and all those thirteen names seemed to be the names of people who died 1000 years ago. The thirteen names were just coined by two to three individuals at the tea places of Juba City and then put in to the white paper. To prove this, the thirteen signatures of the so called representatives look alike and same. This means it was one individual who signed on behalf of those coined names.

Coming back to the unfounded allegations levelled against Cde Goc Akot Atem by the non existing representatives of Concerned Youth. The unknown and non existing thirteen individuals accused Cde Goc Akot of distributing over 50 cars mostly V8 and premios to his homeboys of Awan Pajok Community. Dear readers, Cde Goc has no personal vehicle leave alone distributing cars to the people.. He is currently using a government car for his personal mobility because he lacks money to purchase for himself a private vehicle. How can a man who uses government vehicle as his personal mobility manage to donate 50 cars?. It is clear that this allegation was concocted in order to mislead the South Sudanese in the social media. The mere allegation of exposing himself to the public as a presidential waiter is a pure lie and it is groundless. Cde Goc Akot is not a waiter in the presidency. The fake thirteen representatives of non existing Concerned Youth don’t know his position in the presidency and they were gambling in order to confuse the public in the social media.

In that same open, the enemies under the disguise name of Concerned Youth accused Cde Goc Akot of purchasing quarter of Juba City buildings. They went further to claim that he is in negotiations with owners of various hotels in an attempt to buy those hotels. To be frank you, Cde Goc Akot doesn’t own any luxurious buildings in juba City with exception of his personal house. He doesn’t have enough money to buy an empty plot in first class residence leave alone buying expensive mansions. If Cde Goc has such luxurious buildings in Juba as claimed by the enemies of progress, why is he residing in a very local house?.

In addition, he never asked the buying price of any hotel in his life. This allegation was fabricated and it holds no water in the mind of intellectuals. The allegation of turning himself into a politician and millionaire is a pure lie with no evidence to support it. Cde Goc Akot doesn’t have any interest to be a politician and he has never commented or participated in any political activities. Attending social gathering doesn’t mean a person is a politician. Cde Goc sometimes attends social gathering organize by various communities in his capacity as an ordinary citizen of South Sudan. In addition to that, being a millionaire is neither claimed nor easy.

“How can a man who lacks a private car be called a millionaire?”

In conclusion, all the allegations invented against Cde Goc Akot Atem in the incendiary open letter entitled ” A joint open letter from concerned youth of ten states and three administrative areas to President Salva Kiir Mayardit” are baseless and rubbish. The allegations were manufactured by the enemies of progress with a clear intention of tarnishing the good image of a humble and kind hearted gentleman Cde Goc Akot.

The authors of the open letter are desperate lobbyists who are trying by all means to find way into the presidency through writing deformatory articles against hard-working staff like Cde Goc Akot Atem.. Therefore, I am urging the South Sudanese in the social media to disregard whatever was written against Cde Goc Akot and throw it into dustbin.


The writer is an activist Senior and can be reached via email: damosipdeng@gmail.com or number: 0914606064

Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.

Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

Eng. Akol Santo Arech is 100% free from malpractices : a rebuttal to the baseless open letter of non existing Concerned Youth

Akol Santo Arech |Photo: ©File

Opinion |By Deng Rialdit Akook

Dec 7, 2020 (Thessherald)–A group of desperate and hunger traumatized youth who claimed to be representing ten states and three administrative areas wrote an incendiary open letter to the president calling for the relieve of Deng Wal, Akol Santo Arech and Goc Akot. In their joint open letter, The unknown thirteen representatives of ten states and three administrative under their non existing “Concerned Youth”, accused the kind and displined bodyguard of the President of turning himself into a millionaire, using the name of the President to exploit the business people, receiving 3 millions dollars from Benjamin Bol Mel, conducting the expensive wedding and so many others.

First and foremost, The great youth of South Sudan are not aware of the existence of ” Concerned Youth of Ten States and Three administrative areas”. The only legitimate body that represents the youth at the state level is the State Youth Union. The thirteen individuals who signed the concocted open letter on behalf of the non existing Concerned Youth, are either fake or dead longtime ago in the tenth century. The thirteen names which appeared in that open letter are all fake and were just coined by the desperate lobbyists of various positions in the presidency.

Coming to the false allegations labelled against the kind and humble young man Eng. Akol Santo Arech by the imaginary Concerned Youth of ten states and three administrative areas. To begin with the allegation of receiving three millions dollars from Benjamin Bol Mel. Eng. Akol Arech is neither a businessman nor related to Bol Mel either by blood or by friendship. Where on the earth can a businessman give such huge amount of money to an ordinary citizen?.

Akol Santo Arech is a mere citizen who can’t even reach the level of interacting with a renowned businessman like Bol Mel, leave alone giving him money. This false accusation is groundless and can’t convince the deaf man leave alone our reasonable intellectuals in the social media. If Benjamin Bol Mel is having huge amount of money which he distributes to individuals, then he would have distributed them to influential constitutional holders in the country not to ordinary citizen like Akol Santo Arech

The fake self proclaimed representatives of ten states and three administrative areas claimed in their open letter that Eng. Akol Santo fraudly collects huge amount of money from politicians and business people who are seeking appointment with the president. This is a visible lie. The appointments or meetings in the office of President are usually handled by the office manager or executive director. Akol Santo as a bodyguard has nothing to do with appointments or meetings. His sole duty is to guard and protect the president.

The hunger traumatized representatives of ten states and three administrative areas alleged that Eng. Akol Santo has conducted what they wrongly described as “very expensive wedding” with over one hundred V8, three Jeeps and two anti bullet proof vehicles. To prove that this proclaimed representatives are potential liars, no such expensive wedding has been conducted in South Sudan since its creation by God. It is true Akol Santo has got married but his wedding was not expensive as claimed by unknown keyboard warriors.

The marriage ceremony of Eng. Akol Santo was conducted in conformity with the social norms and fabrics of South Sudanese marriage system. How can a bodyguard manage to conduct his wedding with such number of luxurious vehicles. The price of new model V8 is 120,000 United States Dollars which is equivalent to 30 years’ salary for Eng Akol Santo. The few vehicles when were used for transport during his wedding were hired by the friends and relatives.

The allegation of turning himself into a millionaire is as fake as those who wrote the open letter. Turning one’s self into a millionaire is neither claimed nor easy. A bodyguard who receives less then fifty dollars a month can’t be a millionaire. Eng. Akol Santo is poor like any other ordinary citizen in the country.

If becoming a millionaire is easy, then the desperate individuals who penned the open letter would have been millionaires.

The unknown thirteen representatives of Concern Youth accused Akol Santo of snapping photos with luxurious buildings and vehicles behind him. Taking photos in front of luxurious vehicles and buildings doesn’t meant that those buildings and cars belong to him ( Akol Santo).

Those luxurious vehicles and buildings which you see behind Eng. Akol in most of the photos are hotels or commerical centres and are owned by the business people. Taking photos in front of other people’s buildings is not a crime and many people have been doing it including the designers of the infamous open letter. Therefore, Akol is not a first South Sudanese to take photos in front of other people’s luxurious cars and buildings.

In conclusion, all the allegations levelled against Eng. Akol Santo Arech in the open letter entitled ” A joint open letter from concerned youth of ten states and three administrative areas to President Salva Kiir Mayardit” are also baseless.

Those allegations were manufactured by the enemies of progress with a clear intention of tarnishing the image of a humble potential young man Eng. Akol Santo. The authors of the open letter are desperate lobbyists who are trying by all means to find way into the presidency through deforming the hard-working staff like Eng. Akol Santo Arech. Therefore, I am urging the South Sudanese around the world to disregard whatever was written against Eng. Akol Santo and throw it into dustbin.


The writer is a Senior Activist and he can be reached via email: damosipdeng@gmail.com or number: 0914606064


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted  by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.

Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

Hon. Paul Mayom Akec on monstrous campaign for Presidency

Opinion | By Cde Deng Atak Akucwel.

Dec 7, 2020 (Thessherald)–Hon. Paul Mayom Akec is on roller-coaster campaign to replace his boss General Salva Kiir Mayardit comes geneal elections or before. He employed confusional theory to penetrate and dislocate high command in his sucession political strategy. His conviction in ascending to power/presidency is that one MUST have both soft and hard powers.

When he was appointed as Minister for Trade and Industry, Ministry’s monthly remittances of 40,000,000 ssp to treasury became issue of the pass instead money ended up in his personal account until he was fired and reassigned to Interior docket. As Minister of Interior, he felt this is never-come back opportunity in realisation of his dream of attaining both soft and hard powers. He is brutally siphoning out money using fake business companies of his sons where multi-million dollar contracts are being ghostly delivered and payment ordered to treasury. He managed to corruptly disbursed 470,000,000 ssp meant for disarmament in Bhar El Ghazal for his presidential campaign. Strategic deployment of trusted officers is taking place for smooth implementation of his agenda.

On 19th October, 2020, Hon. Paul Mayom Akec dispatched team of young men led by Machar Mayuen to Rumbek purposely to meet with chiefs of Aliam-toc. This team was equipped and loaded with cash of 30,000,000 ssp plus 50 fairs of Kaunda suits to be distributed to chiefs. Highest escourt of about 6 armed bodyguards from NSS division left with them from Juba and additional force by Governor was given to them through instructions of Interior Minister Hon. Paul Mayom Akec for mission to village called Maleng-Agok.

In the first meeting in Maleng-Agok, declaration was made by team leader Mr. Machar Mayuen to chiefs that lets stand with your son Hon. Paul Mayom Akec in his quest for top leadership of this country in present of Gov. Makur Kulang Liei. Invited Chiefs didn’t go down well with it and commotion almost ensued and luckily Governor Makur Kuland intervened and calm down situation. Chiefs even threaten to return gifts that were given to them by Hon. Paul Mayom Akec to his prophet of doom Ambassador Mr. Machar Mayuen. On 2nd, Dec, 2020, Hon. Paul Mayom Akec sent 6,000,000 ssp to one of his presidential grassroot campaign managers name withheld through Ivory Bank in Rumbek. This amount meant for chiefs that didnt benefited in first trip headed by Machar Mayuen.

“Absolute power corrupt absolutely” Machaivaili. When Hon. Paul Mayom Akec appointed to Ministry of Interior, he corruptly ordered directors of custom and Immigration to mobalised 5 million dallors for him. He bought mansion near Panaroma Hotel next to Logali House at cost of 3 million dollar and bullet-proof V8 at cost of 200,000 dollars while rest to his account. As we speak, Hon. Paul Mayom Akec is in court over recently bought house worth 3 million dollars. Owner of house came up and helplessly Hon. Paul Mayom Akec is battling with case that will attract highest public interest in this country.

For diversion of public attention from his presidential ambition, Hon. Paul Mayom Akec recruited group of young men to publicly tarnish imagine of Hon. Nhail Deng Nhail using medium of social media and at tea places. Hon. Paul Mayom Akec sought Hon. Nhial Deng Nhail to account for the attacks in terms of a conspiracy theory. This group of young men includes but not limited to; Machar Mayuen, Deng Mayom Akec, his son and Marier Mading from GIB finance department.

They are on financial hiring to massacre great reputation of Hon. Nhail Deng Nhail. Marier Mading from GIB finance department is chief administrator of 64 tribes and source privy to this classified information leaked to our intelligent network that this young man is behind publications of dirty articles against leaders in 64tribes. For your information Mr. Marier Mading soonest, you will face wrath of justice and never shall your masters come for your rescue. Ongoing political bickering and brinkmanship which dominates social media eminates from this group. Sole purpose of Hon. Paul Mayom hiring these young men is to tricker revolt within Warrap with end goal of tearing their political, social and economic cohesion.This is pure ploy of shifting focus of public to wrong person in name of Hon. Nhail Deng Nhail.

These malicious activities are being co-funded by corrupt former police Maj. General who was retired from SSNPS because of corruption by President Salva Kiir Mayardit in person of Maj. Gen. Simon Majur Pabek. In 2018, Maj. Gen. Simon Majur Pabek ordered girl by name Adhieu Mading at gun point to have forceful marital affair with him unfortunately he ended up in jail because the love went sour. Now, given his thirty for corruption which earned him such youthful retirement from SSNPS active service, Maj. Gen. Simon Majur Pabek currently is a frustrated man mingling with sots in bars and hooking up with many prostitutes of no human worthiness. Hon. Paul Mayom Akec is on emotional roller-coaster and meeting him with salutation of him being future president of South Sudan earns any visitor 2,000,000 ssp. This presidential madness made him indiscriminately fighting with any diehard or mere supporter of President Salva Kiir Mayardit.

In conclusion, Hon. Paul Mayom Akec in 2001 whispered to late Gen. Deng Aluk, ( R.I.P) that never develop anyone either politically or economically. This school of though is what Hon. Paul Mayom Akec is implementing and Agaar sons and daughters are victims of this bad school of thought. Lets not make mistake that this ruthless old man can developed neither support anybody apart from his sons and daughters.


The author is a concerned South Sudanese citizen and can be reached via email: dengatak@gmail.com


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.


Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

The Paradox of the implementation of South Sudan’s peace agreement

Opinion | By Peter A. Necding

November 22, 2020 (Thessherald)–The implementation of the Revitalized-Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) is rapidly becoming a mindboggling paradox. Thus, many South Sudanese people might be certainly wondering about the unfolding events in the peace process.

On one hand, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon and the leadership of SPLM/A-(IO) in Juba, are trying everything in their power to implement the R-ARCSS in letter and spirit.

On the other hand, there are several indicators that President Salva Kiir and his group are working hard to derail the Peace Agreement. Those indicators include the delaying tactics in the implementation of the Security Arrangements, refusal to constitute the Revitalized National Assembly and refusal to appoint Gen. Johnson Olony Thubo as Governor of Upper Nile State. In addition, people have already witnessed many counter-insurgency tactics to instigate defections and rebellions within the rank and file of SPLM/A-(IO).

In other words, it is becoming clear everyday that President Salva Kiir has different interpretation for the implementation of the R-ARCSS.
For example, in the issue of Upper Nile State, President Salva Kiir gave himself the right to violate the Agreement by accusing and rejecting a candidate of another party forgetting that SPLM/A-IO can reject many Internationally accused war criminals among his appointees.

This blatant violation did not only deny the constitutional right of the people of Upper Nile State to have a Governor, but it created a hostile and volatile situation in Malakal as indicated by the recent killing of innocent citizens in that city.

Surprisingly, nowadays news are coming out that people, who turned Malakal into a mine field are asking the victim to give a guarantee that the mines will not explode, when people walk on them!! What a paradox?

As it is well known, Malakal has already become a ticking bomb and the issue of the appointment of Gen. Johnson Olony Thubo is nothing, but one of the scapegoats in that scenario.

Frankly speaking, people have every right to suspect the statements and actions of President Salva Kiir, because they don’t imply implementation of the Peace Agreement in good faith.

As a rule of thumb, building confidence in the R-ARCSS should be one of the main priorities for all the peace partners. However, President Salva Kiir statements and actions are eroding every shred of confidence in the Peace Agreement.

Therefore, there is a need for our Chairman, Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon and the leadership of SPLM/A-(IO) in Juba to continue standing firm in their current position, because any further concessions can be counter productive.

In fact, the onus is on President Salva Kiir to prove his commitment to the Peace Agreement by implementing the Security Arrangements and appointing Gen. Johnson Olony Thubo without any conditions.

In a nutshell, it is really very hard to trust any step in the Peace Agreement without the full implementation of the Security Arrangements.


Peter Ayul Necding is the SPLM-IO Representative to Australia. He can be reached through his email at pnecding@yahoo.com

Response to the media circulating fake news against Kiir and Tut Gatluak

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Presidential Advisor on Security Affairs Tut Gatluak Manime | Photo: File
President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Presidential Advisor on Security Affairs Tut Gatluak Manime | Photo: File

Opinion | By Brown Akoon Yel

Nov 15, 2020 (Thessherald)–The fake news had been published in various media outlets titled; CORRUPTION: Ex-finance minister’s teeth broken during fist fight in Dubai with businessman Kur Ajing over stolen crude oil money.

It goes viral on social media and that is complemental baseless accusation for involving Mr. President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Hon.Tut Gatluak Manime in that muddle of messiness.

General speaking and honestly, I would like to accentuate the general public that H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime are not in that disorderliness activities because they’re forsightedly, diligent, and visionary leaders that we have ever known in our lives and their work is based on sophistication, worldiness and disillusionment. They’re purely nobel leaders in South Sudan and Africa at large.

Hence, I want to approach public attention that President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime are not involved in such criminalism. Then I condemned propagandists in strongest term possible for creating defamation by tarnishing the image our beloved leaders without conceivable matter. Creating falsifications on social medias against brilliant leaders for no reason will never take them anywhere rather than destroying their images by themselves. South Sudan is our country and biggest than all of us of which we should respect the images of our leaders.

However, H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit has never been in a such mess our people in his Regime are doing. Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit is the only patriotics man among Junubeen who doesn’t like corruption but always thinking that services must to be delivered to the public. On the other hand, there is nothing that can involved the presidential Advisor on National security Affairs Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime in a such criminal case of looting public funds.

Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime doesn’t have any single responsibility of selling crude oil, otherwise let us have ways of making analysis before airing out unreasonable message to the public. Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime is a security advisor who doesn’t have single connection with crude oil.

He is not advisor to the Ministry of petroleum nor advisor to the Ministry of Commerce and trade neither advisor to the Ministry of Finance but just he is a security advisor.

My people, honestly speaking Hon. Tut Gatluak Manime and H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit are always victimized in any single outlet but they are absolutely innocent men in the Republic of South Sudan. Let us pay attribute on them for their being distinctively leaders that couldn’t be challenged in their Administration office.


Disclaimer: This article is based on insights from my sources. The views expressed herein are mine. They don’t reflect to the views of Team Good News. “A tongue is a good weapon”. The writer is President of the Team Good News across the global, Brown Akoon Yel Dut. He can be reached brownakoon26@gmail.com


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.

Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

Opinion | The kingdom of the Devil will never be united

Opinion | By Rev Karlo Okoy

Read these chapters and verses not to blame anybody
• Exodus 20:3-4,a curse to those who worship wrong gods
• Numbers 25:1-9 where 24000 people died. Because of idol or false god.
• Divided kingdom of Devil or non-Christians governments, Matthew 13:10-17
• Luke 11:17-26 demons occupy non-Christian minds
• 1 Corinthians 5:20 blessed pastors or ambassadors of Jesus Christ, preach without fear.

Dear South, Sudanese blind leaders, and citizens! You still have a long way to suffer. You will never have peace and good economy in these lands of Biblical God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, prophets and the present disciples of Jesus Christ until you destroy all the false gods which are tearing the nations and the economies.

Nguendeing the god of Nuers continued to kill the followers, confused them to kill themselves in Pagak, Uoror, Fanyjak, Bentiu etc. and more than 200’ 000 died

Pan Madhol the god of greater Bar El ghazel continued to confuse its followers, with no holiday, they killed themselves and more than 200’ 000 died.

Nyikang the god of Shilulk continued to confuse its followers and more than 200’000 died

Dengdid the god of greater Jonglei continued to confuse its followers and more than 100’000 died
Nyandid the god of Murle continued to be confused its followers and more than 200.000 died

Nyiadom of Anyuak,, Loyalalal of Latuko, Owira of Acholi and Madi, Ibo of Tennet and Lopit, the cowism of Toposa, Buya, Didinga, Bude of western Euatoria, ,Pita of Bari , Makaism in both nations continued to confuse the nations and economies, currencies will never be blessed nor recover. Usually when God becomes angry because of our bad deeds, Satan implements God’s anger or wrath into action. He is like a vulture who waits for the dead to lie down and eat.

It was Satan with these idol agents that divided Sudan into two in 2011

It was Satan that shut the oil down in February 2012, it was these idol gods that caused the civil wars of 2011 and 2013 in both nations to this day. It is Satan that brings famine, diseases, Sudanese have been ignoring this Biblical God and continued to kill themselves for the last 65 years since British left the country 1956.

They will be continued to have coups, transitional governments, transitional constitutions every year. This is the suffering of these two generations for 70 years. Dear this third generation1 if you don’t destroy these idol gods you will never have peace or enjoy the oil of God within these lands, you need to come to your senses and repent in the name of Jesus the author of life, peace, good health and good economies, otherwise we will continue to be confused and become everlasting refugees or IDPs.

If God gave Moses power to take his people from Egyptian slavery back to their promised lands around 1100 BC, what about me?

Did God not give me the power that brought the Sudanese peace of 2005? Did I not give the book “we are not an island in the Sudan” to many leaders in Juba? Did they read the book? Did I not preach this book in many parts of Juba? Did church leaders listen to me when I gave them homework to tell us why God brought that peace through Nairobi instead of through Khartoum or Juba in the civic engagement Center 2012? Did I not tell them that I am the black Moses? did they believe in Black Moses? Are they not waiting for white Moses to bring another better peace? Can God use a black man? Can God give visions to a black man or woman? Joel 2:28-32

The UN Security Council cannot correct these spiritual mistakes or diseases: .

Can a criminal correct a criminal? Can a thief correct a thief? Can a liar correct a liar? Can a dirty man clean a dirty man? Can a prostitute correct a prostitute? can a sodomy correct a sodomy in Genesis chapter 19? These are things that made Heavenly God angry and sent famine, civil war, protest, and disease like COVID-19 19 in Genesis chapter 19. God will never give peace to those who worship gods outside the Bible.


The writer is a religious leader and author of a book entitled We’re not an Island in the Sudan. He can be reached at karlokolong@gmail.com.


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.

Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

State House J1 should remove Ateny Wek Ateny and professionalize its press unit

Press Secretary in the President’s office, Ateny Wek Ateny | Photo: AFP

Opinion | By Chol Duang

Sept 21, 2020 (Thessherald)–Last month or so, I penned a revealing article about Ateny Wek Ateny, J1’s self-proclaimed Presidential Press Secretary. In that article I attempted to help free all reporters under him from his exploitative working relationship. Public reacted with shock, but gravitated towards his complete removal. Inside J1, Ateny has painfully tried to accuse people who never met or spoke to me.

Just to clarify: I do not have any personal vendetta with Ateny Wek Ateny to settle. In fact, he’s a senior member in my community, which gives him a lot of advantage over me — age wise, experience and community contribution or service. Although Ateny is not a trained journalist, he claims to be one, meaning I (begrudgingly) see him as a senior Journalism colleague too.

As a journalist, I’m strongly guided by ethics and laws of Journalism and aware of legal consequences involved. Another point I intend to dismiss here is a view that I may’ve been envious of my colleagues working at the Presidency, that I’m a bitter reporter. It’s not true. I’m a brother’s keep.

With due respect, Ateny Wek Ateny is the reason why many people ridicule J1 Press Office; he’s the source of incompetence, cluelessness, embarrassment and transactional employment of non-journalists. Many more people today make fun of president kiir for keeping scammers like Ateny Wek around him.

For example, Ateny Wek individually attends funerals and weddings, where he would say he’s “representing the President; speaking on behalf of the President; sent by the President.” One wonders why is the president invited to almost all South Sudanese weddings and funerals, including those he might not have heard?

In his most recent interview with a one Ajak Deng Chengkou, following Biar Ajak’s chilling accounts of sodomization and torture at Blue House, Ateny Wek abrasively answered that he would be convinced that sodomization took place if he saw a pregnant male South Sudanese prisoner. Who does that?

J1 should quickly move to send Ateny home, because he’s severally embarrassed the President, staff and exploited his poor J1 reporters for money. As I write this, Ateny Wek is plotting to replace innocent and hard-working Journalists with more non-journalists who’re pliant for use.

The country has media professionals who’re far more experienced to run J1’s media. For how long can you allow him to destroy the image of J1 and President Kiir?

Chol Duang is a South Sudanese journalist, political campaigner, and literacy activist.


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment.

Thessherald is not liable for any comment submitted  by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever. Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at [thessherald@gmail.com]

Opinion | September 12 will go down in S. Sudan’s history

September 12, in South Sudan historical events, is a day that will go down in history as a day current slow motion semi-implemented peace was signed in Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir Mayardit, opposition leader D. Riek Machar during the signing ceremony of the peace agreement

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar during a press conference in the capital, Juba | Photo: PPU

By Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak

September 12, 2020 (Thessherald)–The purpose of this article is to highlight the importance of September 12 in South Sudan historical record dates, particularly the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement in Addis Ababa Ethiopia two years ago today and intransigence of the parties to implement the peace. The Revitalized semi-implemented Peace Agreement is a peace many doubting Thomas (s) still unsure whether it will be pronounced as the lasting peace, given its slow implementation motion base on lack of political will between the rivaling parties. Initially, the Revitalized Peace Agreement on the Resolution of the conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) came after multiple resistances from Salva Kiir government.

The government refused to participate in negotiation with the SPLM/A-IO of Riek Machar for the reason that, the government was implementing 2015 peace with breakaway SPLM/A-IO of Taban Deng Gai following the Dog fight on July 8, 2016 and its aftermath that forced Riek Machar out of Juba. The opposition split with Taban Deng taking over the First Vice President position, while Machar’s faction returned to battle with the government in the bush. Hence, R-ARCSS is an agreement that seeks to revive the ARCSS of August 2015, which had temporarily ended the first civil war of South Sudan that broke out on December 15, 2013.

Since the resurgence of civil war in South Sudan on July 7-8 2016, there have been efforts to ensure a return to peace in the country through various initiatives at international and regional levels. Those initiatives did not bear any fruit until when able young Ethiopian Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed decided to reopen South Sudan Peace talks. Dr. Abiy started by sending the delegation to both government and rebel leaders, alerting them to reconsider coming back to negotiating table. Below is the explanation of R-ARCSS culmination and implications pertaining its implementation.

On December 8, 2017, he wrote an invitation letter to Salva Kiir and Riek Machar requesting them to meet face to face. The meeting was proposed to be convened on June 21, 2018 in Ethiopia. After the end of Ethiopia first Salva Kiir and Riek Machar meeting following July 8, 2016 dog fight, IGAD authority decided to choose Sudan to be the next location for South Sudan peace negotiation.

Omar Hassan Ahmed El-Bashir, former President of the Republic of Sudan was entrusted by the 32nd Extra-Ordinary Summit of IGAD on South Sudan, convened in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on June 21, 2018, to facilitate a second round of face-to-face discussion between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar to resolve the outstanding issues on governance and security arrangements. Moreover, El-Bashir is further entrusted to discuss measures to be taken to rehabilitate the economy of the Republic of South Sudan through bilateral cooperation with the Republic of Sudan. Without wasting time, President El-Bashir facilitated the direct meeting between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar on June 25-6 2018 the first of which was graciously attended by Yoweri Museveni, the President of the Republic of Uganda. At the same meeting, Bashir had also convened a separate session of talks with other political parties of the Republic of South Sudan which discussed the same issues Salva and Riek were discussing.

During June 25, the talk was basing on ceasefire to be declared within 72 hours. The parties were told to be called again soon and continue with peace talks in Khartoum to discuss the arrangements for implementing the ceasefire, the issue of power sharing and the framework agreement. They also address issues of humanitarian access to refugees, the release of prisoners, and the formation of transitional government of national unity after everything has been finalized.

On July 25, 2018, the parties agreed on power sharing that will reinstates Dr. Riek Machar as the First Vice President during 36 months transitional period before nationwide national elections will be conducted. The new peace deal has created five Vice Presidents, 35 ministers, and 550 members of the parliament. The Vice Presidents shall be distributed as first Vice President for IO, second Vice President be nominated by the government, third Vice president must be SSOA, the fourth Vice President be nominated by the government and the fifth Vice President will be nominated by the FDs and that has to be a woman. Moreover, council of ministers shall comprise of 35 ministers: government will have 20 ministers, SPLM/A-IO will take 09 ministers, SSOA: 03 ministers, FDs take 02 ministers and OPP will take 01 minister.

There shall also be 550 transitional national legislative Assembly. The government will have 332, SPLM/A-IO will have 128, SSOA 5o members, OPP: 30 members and FDs 10 members. There shall be ten (10) deputy ministers which will be divided as follow: government will have five deputy ministers, IO will take three SSOA will take one, and other political parties will take one. No fewer than three deputy ministers shall be women.

There shall also be an Independent Boundaries Commission (IBC) which will comprise with 15 members and shall be appointed as follow: government will take five, and all opposition groups will take five. They will divide their share as two from the SPLM/A-IO, one from SSOA, one from FDs, and one from OPP. Then the other five will be divided by South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania, Algeria and Chad. The IBC shall be chaired by one of its non-South Sudanese members who shall recognized standing and integrity of the importance of boundaries issues.

On States and local governments, government will have 55%, SPLM/-IO 27%, SSOA 10% and OPP 08%. At the beginning of the Transitional Period, State and local governments shall be dissolved and reconstituted as per the responsibility sharing formula stated in above ratio. In that regard, Governors, Speakers State Legislatures, State Councils of ministers, State legislatures, County Commissioners, and County Councils shall be reconstituted. At the beginning of the pre-transitional period, the parties shall issue a solemn commitment to their people and the international community to affirm that, they will not return to war. The parties shall pledge to use the resources of the country wisely and transparently for the best interest of South Sudanese people. The above explanation pretty much is what had been made in Khartoum Sudan on July 25, 2018.

On Wednesday September 12, 2018 the final Revitalized Peace Agreement was signed at the 33rd Extraordinary Summit of Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. After the delegations has returned to their respective locations, Sudanese President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, had organized a celebration event to take place on Saturday September 22, 2018 in Khartoum to thank Salva Kiir Mayardit, all opposition parties and the mediation team for their grand efforts which culminated in the signing of the Final Revitalized Peace Agreement for the Resolution of the conflict in South Sudan. The move was a way to strengthen the commitment of the parties to the agreement to honor the peace. In his welcoming remarks, Sudanese Minister in the Office of the President, Fadul Abdalla Fadul, said that “The purpose of the ceremony is to give appreciation to South Sudanese political parties for coming into an understanding to end the conflict in the country.” In addition, the ceremony is also aimed at creating a suitable atmosphere for the opposition leaders to interact and celebrate the achievement with President Salva Kiir. President Salva kiir and the main opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar were honored and awarded peace medals and certificates by President Omar Hassan El Bashir for their efforts to end the conflict in the Republic of South Sudan and their cooperation with the Sudanese mediation team.

After the conclusion of South Sudan peace celebration organized by Sudan government. Salva Kiir emulated the idea of peace celebration from Khartoum right away and extended an invitation to Dr. Riek Machar and the Sudanese President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir to attend a peace celebration, which Juba government scheduled to take place on October 31, 2018. The invitation aimed at building trust and confidence ahead of the formation of the new upcoming transitional government. During their exchange, Dr. Riek didn’t indicate whether he will attend or not. Instead, he appealed to Salva Kiir to lift the State of emergency and release the political detainees. According to him, if Salva Kiir has taken an initiative to the above-mentioned demands, the action would allow people to move freely across South Sudan, which might include his acceptance of attending the celebration. On his part, Salva responded by denying and down play any present of political detainees as well as POWs in government detention facilities. That answer caused eyebrows rolling given that, some sure prisoners are known to have been held in the government control territories including Juba. After two leaders’ meeting was made available on social media for public consumption, the issue went viral among social media participants.

The reaction to it was vary from person to person. Some people perceived it as a normal gesture that could start trust building between the leaders.

The rest including this writer perceive it as a ploy and condemn it as the waste of materials, given that, Salva Kiir has not shown any sign or gesture that could indicate trust building between him and Dr. Riek, especially when Riek asked him to release political detainees/ POWs, lift State of emergency, and lift ban on the activities of all opposition political parties. The invitation was pronounced as another risk taking. Though opponents were furious in their objection of seeing Dr. Riek participating in peace celebration in Juba, the rest who acquaintance with Riek past moves, knew that, he will not abstain or succumb from attending peace celebration. Since joining the movement in 1984, Dr. Riek has been known as a political risk taker, in that regard, many people knew he will participate in celebration.

Hence, on Wednesday October 31, 2018, South Sudanese celebrated the signing of the power sharing deal in Juba in present of regional dignitaries. During celebration, Kiir ordered the release of James Gatdet Dak, former spokesperson of Riek Machar who have been kidnapped from Kenya and later sentenced to death in Juba. Kiir also said he will release William John Endley, a South African national who has been Machar’s adviser. In his remark, President Salva Kiir stated, “the five years old conflict has come to an end and he is ready to move forward in forgiving his opponents. He also apologies to South Sudanese people for the suffering they endured as the result of the conflict. He further acknowledged the weight of responsibility is heavily fallen on his shoulders, which is rightly so given the nature of the conflict.

On his part, Dr. Riek, stated, “He came to Juba to confirm, he is for peace; the past has gone, we have opened a new chapter for peace and unity.” Then, Yoweri Museveni, the President of Uganda, told South Sudanese leaders to embrace non-violent means of solving political conflicts and differences through transparent elections and dialogue. It is therefore ideologically incorrect to us war to solve political arguments, elections are the discussions or the right way, but election must be fair.

If elections are not fair, they are the ones which create conditions for people thinking other ways of solving problems.” He congratulated President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar for allowing logic to prevail after they signed the final revitalized peace agreement in Addis Ababa on September 12, 2018. He urged them to avoid sectarianism, tribal politics and instead create systems and institutions with national character both in the army and civil service. Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, called on South Sudanese leaders to make concessions to put the country and its people first. He said, “let us all remember that no deal is always perfect, no arrangement is without flaws, and no negotiation is perfectly balanced.

The real test of a leader is to have the ability to make concessions and put this country and its people first. He continued by saying, attainment of peace in South Sudan is significant for stability of the East African region. He urged the leaders to join hands to stir the country to the right path of peace development. The, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who helped broker the peace deal, called on South Sudan’s leaders to commit to the peace agreement and move their country forward. Finally, Sahle-Work Zewde, newly appointed Ethiopian President, called for ceasefire and urged the leaders to fully implement the peace deal which was inked in Ethiopia by Kiir and Machar. The peace celebration give hope to general public that leaders may find ways to implement the peace.

The establishment of the Transitional Government of National Unity established by the Revitalized Peace Agreement of September 2018.

The Revitalized Agreement on the resolution of the conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) was scheduled to be formed on May 12, 2019. The formation of the unity government is an initial step towards the more challenging reform process that will require steadfast, collegiate and transparent leadership to deliver on the legitimate expectations for peace of South Sudan. The agreement envisions a transitional period of eight-month pre-transitional period, followed by 36-month transitional period which will expired once national elections are conducted across the country.

However, the formation of South Sudan government of national unity was postponed and extended for six months from 12 May to November 12, 2019. The extension was agreed by signatories to the deal during a meeting in Ethiopia, convened by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, which is tasked with mediating peace in South Sudan. The six-month extension was attributed mainly to financial constraints and lack of trust and inadequate support from international partners. The current government has pledged to provide US$100m in funding for the agreement, further to US$10m which it had previously committed. However, given its financial constraints, the government will struggle to honor its pledge.

According to the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (an international monitoring body for the peace agreement), out of 59 tasks due to be implemented during the pre-transitional period, more than 50% were pending as of May 1st. The pending tasks, which includes pre-requisite security arrangements (particularly cantonment and unification of the army), are the most critical for the deal to hold.

In some respects, the extension is a positive move, as it means that the May 12th deadline can pass without it being claimed that the entire peace deal has failed, and it gives the parties more time to make progress on pending tasks. However, the extension is probably prolonging illusions about the success of the deal. Any effort by the South Sudanese signatories in implementing the remaining tasks will prove to be futile unless they receive financial support from international partners, which is unlikely to be forthcoming. The apparent lack of progress towards implementation of R ARCSS, particularly in the areas of demilitarization and disarmament, appears to have been taken by the international community as an indicator of the lack of commitment of the former vice-president, Riek Machar, and the president, Salva Kiir, to peace. Lack of funding will derail the peace process, heightening the risk of renewed fighting if the deal breaks down. On October 21, 2019, 15 United Nation ambassadors arrived in the capital Juba on Sunday to urge South Sudanese leaders to meet November 12, dateline. The Security Council delegation acknowledged that progress has been made with the ceasefire significantly improving the security situation.

However, they stated, key outstanding issues remain, which are having an impact on the progress of peace process. These include decisions on States and their boundaries, as well as the reunification of security forces. Beside the United Nations delegation’s acknowledgement, SPLM/A-IO leader Dr. Riek Machar expressed concern about the failure to unify security forces. He added that, his movement will not join the government until the outstanding issues are resolved. After the second dateline of November 12, has come to an end, the parties began to rival again with SPLM/A-IO still wanted another extension while the government want transitional government of national unity to be formed. Following the disagreement, the parties had shuttled to Uganda to consult with Museveni and other IGAD leaders. The talks in Entebbe Uganda, noted that critical tasks were still not completed, including issues of security arrangement, governance and the integration of fighting forces.

The parties agreed to extend the formation of the new government again for 100 days from November to February 12. The function had also given them fifty days for review if there is any progress between the parties. The period between the 100 days was critical, pressure had increased from regional and international community, wanting South Sudan leaders to meet the dateline. SPLM/A-IO that favored the extension state, they are demanding extension for proper security arrangement and the determination of States and their boundaries. President Kiir said, “He has accepted the extension to avoid the risk of returning to war.” After the parties left Uganda, there was no change of attitudes. Machar had multiple times shuttled between Khartoum and Juba to iron outstanding issues, yet, no concrete solution.

On February 8, 2020, IGAD summoned South Sudan government and opposition leaders to converge in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa during the 34th extraordinary summit of the IGAD Heads of State and Government under chairmanship of H.E. Dr. Abdalla Hamdok, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Sudan regarding the peace process in South Sudan. The meeting was attended, among others, by Heads of State of Uganda, South Sudan, Somalia, and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Djibouti, Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya, and H.E. Hirut Zememe, State Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. IGAD member State leaders were also joint by AU leaders as the communique was not keen about further extension of the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU. From the day of the IGAD summit, only twelve days left before the end of 100 days which was scheduled to be formed on February 22, 2020. The discussion based on number of States and their boundaries, which was a sticky issue in the South Sudanese peace process. The meeting agreed to revert to former ten States. However, despite the relentless mediation efforts of the regional Special Envoys from IGAD and South Africa on the issue of the number of States and their boundaries, the mediation effort has hit a deadlock. The fact that all delegations favored diversion to ten States. President Salva request to be given three days to return back to South Sudan for consultations on the matter with his constituency. After consultation, he will report back the matter to the IGAD chair on February 15, 2020.

Hence, on Friday February 14, President Salva Kiir invited senior government officials to attend an urgent consultative meeting on the contentious issue of States and their boundaries, including his two deputies, national ministers, parliamentarians, presidential advisors, State governors, civil society representatives, foreign diplomats, and all parties to the peace agreement who refused to attend, saying, “the consultation is for the government alone, it doesn’t include them.”

During the opening, Kiir explained what had taken place in Addis Ababa especially his stand in issues of disagreement. In the IGAD summit, Kiir rejected reduction of 32 States. At the same token, President Kiir’s supporters unanimously rejected any possible reduction of 32 States during consultation with local leaders in Juba. Kiir told people, “What brought us here today is the issue of states, I brought this to you so that you decide, my brother Riek Machar and other non-South Sudanese who are living with the blood of South Sudanese people have different suggestions on the table, the government is saying 32 states plus Abyei,” Kiir told local leaders during consultation meeting in Juba.

The SPLM-IO favors reverting to between ten states and 23 states. However, “IGAD and the international community said they need a lean government. We have reached a deadlock, that’s why we came back for consultation. We were given six days until tomorrow (Saturday) we will take back what you will decide,” said Kiir. He also criticized foreign influence in the ongoing stalemate over the unresolved number of states issue with the opposition, adding some of these foreign players have shown bias during the talks. “I have fought the so-called special envoys. They will tell us here something and go there to their heads of states with different information. There are people who stay with us and who have made South Sudan their own project for food, one day if we reach an agreement they will be jobless and this is what they don’t want,” said Kiir.

Meanwhile, Dr. Riek Machar has welcomed the East Africa bloc council of ministers’ recommendations of 10 or 23 states and not 32 as maintained by Kiir.”We welcomed the recommendations of the Independent Boundaries Commission (IBC) of 10 states, the recommendations of the IGAD council of ministers of 10 or 23 plus one state (Abyei) and of the summit of the three heads of state and government of 10 states,” Machar said in a statement issued in Juba. The IGAD heads of states during the regional body’s 34th Extra-ordinary summit accepted Juba’s request to undertake further consultation on the number of States. The issue remains the main contentious issue alongside security arrangements, which are delaying the formation of the much-awaited transitional unity government (TGoNU) slated for Saturday. IGAD in its official communique released after the meeting said it recognized that the issue of the number of states and their boundaries is an internal South Sudanese matter and hence, solution should come from the South Sudanese people.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit during peace talks in Ethiopia | Photo: via Facebook

On Saturday February 15, 2020, President Kiir narrowed the consultation to the presidency, ministers and the country top army generals. After a thorough deliberation on the subject matter and in the interest of peace and stability in the country, the presidency resolved to return the country to ten (10) States and their previous respective counties. President also announced the establishment of three administrative areas, namely, Abyei, a region whose border demarcation with Sudan remains controversial, the oil rich area of Ruweng and Gold hub Pibor. In his remark following the concession, Kiir said, “the compromise we have made today is a painful decision but a necessary one if that is what going to bring peace.” “I expect the opposition to be prepared to do the same;” referring to the disagreement about the integration of the different fighting forces.

In his response, Riek Machar said, “he appreciates the government’s decision to revert back to ten States. However, Dr. Riek has expressed dissatisfaction with the creation of the three administrative areas, saying, “It cannot be referred as reverting to 10 States, as such cannot be accepted.” “We therefore, call upon President Kiir to reconsider this idea of creating administrative areas.” Furthermore, Machar warned the three areas risked causing further problems, calling the issue a Pandora box. Although Dr. Riek has rejected the creation of three administrative areas, the issue has not been made a contentious stumbling block, given the progress attributed to the political willingness President Kiir has shown. Instead, Dr. Riek agreed to return to Juba and join transitional government to take up the position of First Vice President. In that regard, the government of South Sudan and the SPLM/A-IO had decided to forge ahead with the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity without security arrangement. Then, on February 19, 2020, Salva Kiir has dissolved the old cabinet to make way for opposition members.

On Saturday February 22, 2020, the Transitional Government of National Unity was formed, marking the start of a 36-month transitional period ahead of the holding of elections in accordance with the terms of the Revitalized Agreement on the Regulation of the conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). According to the terms of the R-ARCSS, Salva Kiir will continue as the President, Riek Machar as the First Vice President, James Wani Igga; Taban Deng Gai; Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior and Hussein Abdelbagi as Vice Presidents. The event was marked by the calls for reconciliation and efforts for sustained peace in the country that has been devastated by war in only two years after gaining its independence from Sudan. In his remark during the ceremony, President Salva urged people in the country to forgive each other and end their differences, saying he would work with all his new deputies to lead the country on a path of peace. We must forgive one another and reconcile. I want to reiterate here that I have forgiven my brother Riek Machar. I also ask for his forgiveness and I also forgive all those who still are holding out on this peace agreement,” “I am calling on all the people of South Sudan to forgive one another. I particularly want to appeal to the Nuer and Dinka communities to forgive one another and reconcile. I also appeal to the people of Equatoria, especially those who have experienced much of the devastation, to forgive and reconcile.” Kiir said he does not wish to see any bloodshed in South Sudan ever again.

For his part, former opposition leader Machar said he was committed to implementing the peace agreement with Kiir. He said the two of them would work collectively to end the suffering of the people of South Sudan. “I want to reiterate my commitment and the commitment of the SPLM-IO [Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition] to work closely with the peace partners, and particularly President Kiir, to implement the agreement in letter and spirit.” The swearing-in ceremony was attended by the head of Sudan’s Sovereign Council Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, along with diplomats and dignitaries from several regional countries. However, at the time Vice Presidents were sworn in, all warring parties did not yet finalize allocation of ministers and State governors.

Despite the rhetoric on Vice Presidents inauguration, distribution of ministers did not come easy. The parties rivaled hard as to which type of ministerial positions each party is going to get. That stalemate has come to an end in March. On Thursday March 12, 2020, ministers were divided as stipulated in R-ARCSS. But, the parties still rivaling on the issue of States’ allocation and when they finally agreed, the disagreement on who going to be a governor of States was also politicized. Currently, nine out of the ten Governors have been appointed except the governor of the Upper Nile State, nobody know whether the delay of his appointment will cause rift and rekindle hostility.

In summing, September 12, 2018 Peace Agreement, was an accord that restore hope. However, that hope still shaky given lack of political will between the parties to the agreement. Up to now, there is no solid optimism whether the peace will fully be implemented or dissidents will rekindle the rift as previously stipulated in above program. In fact, full implementation of the peace is the only hope that should end the suffering of the South Sudanese people who have been devastated by war for seven years now. Peace is an openness and understanding. It is the process of living together harmoniously in a way people accept one another’s idiosyncratic. One is talking about peace in political perspective where leaders are the driving force who use their power maturely. Peace comes from mature genuine skilled leaders who are able to move people to action. Mature leaders use leadership for good and help people move people in a direction that leads to positive change. It is one’s hoped our country leaders will implement September 12, 2018 Revitalized Peace Agreement fully in letter and spirit and avoid intransigence stand that could drag the nation back to hostility. People want to live in peace and good leaders are the ones that strive for their followers’ wellbeing.


The author is a political commentator and analyst. He can be reach by lulgatluak09@gmail.com or lgatluak01@hamline.edu


Note: The views expressed in the ‘Opinion’ section are sole responsibility of individual authors and will take full responsibility, liability and blame for any libel or litigation that results from something written in or as a direct result of something written in a comment. The South Sudan Herald is not liable for any comment submitted  by individuals or authors and reserves the right to delete any opinion piece for any reason whatsoever.

Should you wish to submit your opinion piece or analysis, kindly contact us at: thessherald@gmail.com

 

 

Opinion: “Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba, A Controversial Character,” Jieng Elders

Reference to his article titled: INDEPENDENT ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS: A LEAF FROM COLONIAL LEGACY OF “DIVIDE TO RULE”

Opinion | By Joshua Dau Diu

August 1, 2020 (Thessherald)–One year past, I had advised in a written note, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba that he and I are close acquaintances and have shared some common interplays along the way of our social interaction.

Thus, we agreed to avoid irresponsible utterances against one another, and not to engage in confrontational arguments, particularly on matters related to public domain. We also agreed not to use literature in social media against each other. Now, here we are exhibited before the public display stage at the cross road exposing each other’s imprudence and ills. It rhymes with the same conclusion, by other people, that Dr. Peter Adwok neither safeguards the sanctity of human relations nor maintains personal commitment.

This odd and quire character of Dr. Peter Adwok being a controversial character that respects no bounds in friendship or relationships might have emanated from mixed upbringing background. He hails from Chollo (Shilluk) autocratic society of native kingship. He would have wished to be a king, unfortunately due to such repulsive behaviours, his family lineage could not be permitted to kingship hereditary. However, his ambition propelled him to imitate the excessive manner by which kings wield power and extravagant way of life he observes from the present king whom he claims to be his maternal uncle.

In order to fulfil his missed ambitious opportunity, Dr. Peter Adwok went to Catholic Church school where Catholicism, in outlook, presents cloudy similarities of feudalism. Moreover, even that did not satisfy his urge for power through the catholic hierarchical doctrine. So while in his prime age in the University of Khartoum , he immersed himself into communism together with those of late Joseph Ukel Garang, Tarcisio Ahmed, Gabriel Acuoth Deng, among others. Later on after the demise and the decline of communism during the cold war era, he became an ardent member of the socialist party which is an offshoot of communist dialectical materialism.

In his “Letting the Cat Out: Jieng (Dinka) Attempt to Impose Hegemony and Domination on South Sudan” Dr. Peter Adwok wrote, “It’s not possible that people who have common enemy for nearly six decades could turn in the end against themselves as if nothing strategic bound them together”.

This is an extraordinary striking statement that should have come from an aggrieved, repentant and contrite soul and mind. But unfortunately enough, this is not the case. It is, however, immensely contradicted in the subsequent story of condemnation and judgement which he mischievously levelled on the person of Gen. Daniel Awet Akot together with the Jieng community.

This man, Dr. Peter Adwok and Gen. Daniel Awet were comrades in Arms during the SPLA 21 year war of liberation of South Sudan. In the same war that killed thousands and millions of their fellow comrades, Dr. Peter Adwok lost one of his limbs but he survived. Both men have enjoyed the fruits of their hard and distinguished struggle as they equally shared and participated in the government of SPLA/M as dignitaries and ministers at different times and different stages.
Yet Dr. Peter Adwok mercilessly turned to write using vile language against his fellow comrade, Gen. Daniel Awet.Akot. “Simple minds discuss personalities while great minds discuss issues” goes an English idiom.

In his article: Independent Administrative Areas and States. Dr. Peter Adwok wrote: “Viewed literally, the IAA as well as Rev. Joshua memo to President Kiir, appear like an expression of vain glory or something devoid of implications. However, given the present context of socioeconomic and political development of South Sudan, and the manner the parasitic capitalist is deeply involved in the speculation over land as a potential for mechanized commercial agriculture and livestock ranching. Joshua’s design to dispossess the Chollo of their ancestral land on the eastern bank of the Nile comes not in context of population explosion of the Padang Dinka but in the context of clearing this land and adjacent Dinka lands for some Arab and Middle Eastern investors in commercial agricultural production.”

“The establishment of independent administrative areas, whatever that means is a leaf borrowed from colonial policy of ‘divide to rule’, capture and control their natural resources particularly land – the most important means of production. The primary objective of the scheme is to sustain the regime in power as its elements engage in the extraction and plunder of the natural resources, while the people have the illusion of exercising power”.

It is indeed mind boggling and absolutely absurd to find highly educated South Sudanese utterly opposed to and rejecting establishment of administrative system after military and political hard- won liberation and independence of their country – South Sudan. Establishment of institutions as organs of functional state machinery is part of transformation of both colonial biases for which the people fought against as well as being creative tools for reform of socio-economic, political and security development and/or stability of any country like South Sudan that has just emerged out of a long liberation war and just within a short period of less than 2 years from independence was plunged into civil tribal war by senseless power-hungry elites.

“The creation of independent administrative areas is dangerous scheme” wrote Dr. Peter Adwok, page 5. The British colonial powers in South Sudan created 23 districts under 3 provinces. These are acceptable to our elites in the opposition parties although they were created based on tribal settlement. The Arabs who took over the wheel of power from British colonialists in Sudan created 10 states and 3 regions yet they are also acceptable to these elites. But when an independent South Sudan Government led by South Sudanese who themselves fought for this country, created more states following similarly the same pattern of both the British and the Arabs colonial powers, the elites in opposition parties (SPLM/A-IO and FDS) of which Dr. Peter Adwok was a member, vehemently objecting to the most popularly applied ethnically based federal system.

What is surprisingly shocking, is that it was the same Dr. Peter Adwok who, under the influence of Switzerland ambassador to Kenya in 1990s, Amb. Joseph Bucher convincingly advocated for the institution of federal system based on ethnicities in South Sudan; similar to that of Switzerland. Now, he is objecting to a modified model and arrangement suitable and appropriate to our situation and circumstances, especially in the case of Chollo tribe in the kingdom, to be honoured with an independent Administrative area or state through which they can preserve their peculiar lyrics and submissive traits, and traditions. What a paradox!! The same system South Sudan is adapting and introducing is practised in Germany, Ethiopia, Switzerland, Kenya as well as in most parts of Europe and many other countries in the world. The system conforms to the former colonial boundaries or borders and only modifies and adjusts to suit new realities according to the new circumstances.

Perhaps Dr. Peter Adwok and his colleagues in opposition are jealous and prejudiced against what is being done without them. They would rather like to do it themselves and not others. It was acceptable to them when SPLM/A-IO created 21 states on more or less the same premises of old colonial districts. But when the incumbent government of Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit added 11 states (with some minor adjustments) to make 32 states, an uproar came up in the opposition circles, compelling the Government to reverse the Presidential Order 36/2015 which established the 32 states. At the same time the 21 states created by SPLM/A-IO are functioning with their governors till this time of discussion.

Justification for the Creation of New States in the Republic of South Sudan

The purpose of decentralization policy and the creation of ethnic or community based states is in order to take services nearer to the people. The second objective is to put into action the concept of developmental self-reliance through local resources by the people themselves. Thus, the creation of states to be administered by the indigenous citizens themselves is a tremendous innovation for hard work, control and responsibility for the resources which the people very much value as means of their livelihood and the product of their initiative and creativity.

To empower the people to administer themselves is a source of pride for realization of their own achievements and raises morale and zeal to accomplish more productive services as well as infrastructure. The spirit of competition is cultivated and instilled in them through empowerment to achieve more and to be responsible over their affairs.

Hence, fairness is required by granting every community a state or an administrative area for which they take charge over their affairs and therefore the government avoids any blame or complaint for not being fair, Let all succeed or fail without feeling of injustice being inflicted on them by their own Government.

Therefore, immediately after the issuance of the Presidential Order No.36/2015 for the creation of 28 States, other communities felt aggrieved and submitted complaints through their respective state governors to the President of the Republic of South Sudan and relevant institutions such as the Council of States for establishment of their states. The governors of those communities together with their representatives in the legislative assemblies follow up these submissions on behalf of their constituencies.

The principle of self- governance has always been a long held popular demand of our people. At the founding of the SPLM, this demand was recognized in form of taking “towns to the people” so that the people could stay in the villages where their social fabrics could be strengthened and sustained. That the SPLM has finally resolved to put this vision into practice is not surprising. Denying our people the right to govern themselves within their distinctive cultural domains runs counter to the principle of liberal democracy around which the world is currently structured.

South Sudan comprises many nationalities. Some of these nationalities are small compared to others. This establishment order gives those small nationalities a chance to determine their political future without being smothered or swallowed up or dominated by the larger ones. The SPLM sought to fight marginalization anywhere and anytime in South Sudan. Therefore, with the same zeal, the SPLM will not allow any small nationality to be marginalized.
Malakal and East River Nile Land Dispute “The creation of independent administrative areas is a dangerous scheme. It is the work or JCE, co-chaired by Hon. Rev. Joshua Dau Diu, agents of parasitic capitalist penetration of South Sudan. Its negativity lies in the manner it differentiates instead of integrating; divides instead of uniting our people and consolidating our fraternal relation in the context of nation building. The scheme conflicts our people in order to cause displacement and immense suffering while leaving land to prospective investors. It is anti-people and should be rejected in its entirety”. Wrote Dr. Peter Adwok.

Page 5.
I do neither intend to personalize nor get entangled in bogus argument about why Padaang communities are claiming all the lands east of River Nile. This matter has been long time ago resolved by colonial boundaries and borders of 1956. Historical records and documents are in plenty which even convinced African Union (AU), IGAD and Technical Boundary Committee (TBC) and Independent Boundary Commission (IBC) 2019-2020 Report in favour of Padaang’s ownership of lands on the Eastern bank of the River Nile.
However, Dr. Peter Adwok with his Chollo community have not presented strong persuasive reasons of why only the land presently occupied by the Chollo immigrants east of the Nile is the best for economic exploitation for which “some Arabs and Middle Eastern Investors shall be invited to engage in commercial agricultural production”. There are no proofs that Padaang are grabbing Chollo’s ancestral lands which are not belonging to Padaang. In any case, it is clearly stated that Padaang are not against Chollo immigrants or any other South Sudan nationals that have migrated and settled peacefully with Padaang east of the Nile or elsewhere and are amicably cohabiting with the land owners whether in the towns or in the rural areas.
They are accorded the same rights, privileges, treatment and granted land title deeds as are enjoyed by Padaang people.

Jieng Council of Elders (JCE)
Functional Concept

In its semantic context, the term Kochdit is specifically used by Jieng for those elderly people who are distinguished reference personalities, known to have special acumen and sobriety. Kochdit are old persons known to be custodians of accumulated wisdom and experience and are those rich of acquired historical information, tradition, customs, functionary concepts, ethical values, virtues and norms which are cherished by Jieng Society. Because of their age and experience, Kochdit are known to be the most tolerant, the most patient people who always impart wisdom. Kochdit picked all these qualities from the old men and women who handed them those historical and cultural values from the glorious deeds of the ancient past.

For their objectivity, impartiality, good track record, logic oriented and well known moral excellence, Kochdit maintain or control the society’s moral order and are the connecting link between the society and their past. As reference personalities, they are always the source of inspiration, role models and identification for the members of the younger generations. Kochdit are not necessarily leaders of their respective communities but mostly play an advisory role as senior members of the society.

In the past, as it is still the case today, Kochdit form an Advisory Body or a Council which at times, in all Jieng communities, form a Jury of Kochdit to decide and approve serious community matters. Nowadays, some young people are born out of wedlock and adopted or grow up in streets or in slums. They have no opportunities to sit on the laps of their fathers, uncles or elder relatives. Such persons, even if they are educated, cannot appreciate ethical community’s moral values.

The Intervention of Jieng Council of Elders (JCE) in the current conflict 2013-2019

This is, however, an additional information to many illuminating documents JCE had put out on different occasions since its inception in 2013. Social stratification is an obvious God’s order of life which, without it, obligations and responsibilities, cannot be adequately discharged and accomplished in the human realm. JCE felt morally obliged to inform, furthermore, those many people out there, who of late through social media often but obnoxiously exhibit their complete ignorance about who an “elder” is and what he/she does in the Jieng community. At the same time, it is a universal order in both human and animal world that those who are born first or created before others assume indisputable functions which others that follow after take for granted, or at best to a great extend adhere to, till some improvements are made, much later in the course of life. The elders rightly assume the role of the first born in our Jieng society and we think it is the same in other communities. However, the role of elders and senior citizens might be denied, opposed or resisted by some people who would wish to be without the privilege of the past: values, responsibilities, heritage and accountabilities.

Again, those who allege not to know that elders are morally duty bound to settle scores of conflicts in societies are evasive of responsibility. Issues abound to be enumerated but just to mention a few like marriage settlements, grazing land and water points disputes (which in most cases result into disagreements) might end up in fights and perhaps loss of lives. In accordance with the hereditary traditions and norms, the Community Council of Elders, from the disputing sides intervenes to resolve the matter.

Hence, when conflicts erupted in the ranks of SPLM leadership in Juba over power struggle and eventually degenerated into killing of civilians of Jieng and Nuer, JCE which was founded earlier that year felt confronted and challenged by a situation that required timely decisions and actions.

JCE approached Nuer council of Elders and the two met in Juba and Nairobi in which they reached consensus on causes of that conflict as being wholly a political power struggle within the ruling party (SPLM).

Similarly, JCE met with Equatoria Elders as well as with particular communities’ councils like Mundari; Jubek state community council of elders; Western Bahr El Ghazal state Elders of Fertit, Jieng and Luo over their disputes. JCE and all other communities’ council of elders are out to mediate and to resolve feuds of social, economic or political nature among the communities. JCE strongly propagated against retaliatory vengeance on the civilian population.
Jieng communities all over the country have not responded to the provocation and killing of their members in Equatoria roads by Equatorian unknown gunmen; in Upper Nile by Nuer rebels and in Bahr El Ghazal by Fertit militia.

This tolerance on the part of Jieng resulted in Twic state accommodating Bul Nuer IDPs from Bentiu; Rumbek, Yirol people received Nuer in the midst of Jieng communities; similarly Duk communities hosted Lou Nuer IDPs by offering shelter amongst Jieng of Jonglei. These endeavors have maintained usual social cohesion, hospitality and peaceful co-existence among respective communities. And because of the spontaneous and responsible role that JCE has carried out in contacting other concerned elders of other communities, there is now relative calm in the country. Therefore, life and communication are gradually returning to normal and social fabric is building up throughout the entire nation. This is due to effective intervention of the Elders (JCE).


As stated earlier, JCE is well informed and conscious of its national obligations. Therefore, it does not wait to be told by anybody or government to act. It is a policy to totally reject regime change by other means apart from the constitutional process of democratic elections which is fair, credible and just, leading to peaceful transfer of power according to the will of the people.

Hence, it was the people of South Sudan that fought hard to secure the liberation of their land. Therefore, it is not easy to allow whosoever hell bent to destroy this legacy. JCE is and will always be against “all enemies”, local or foreign. They are all deadly enemies that must be confronted by all South Sudanese with necessary means. For this reason JCE with all other communities’ councils stand together to defend and preserve the hard won Peoples’ liberation benefits, namely: political liberty, cultural and linguistic assimilation, economic deprivation and social assimilation. These and other fruits of sovereignty must be jealously guarded against the aspirants of the material resources by hawkish local political elites with their foreign neo-colonialists ambitions to squander and to deprive the populace of their rightfully earned independence.

This article is authorized by the Jieng Council of Elders, an informal group of elders who are advisor to the South Sudan President, Salva Kiir Mayardit. They are reachable through email at jiengcouncilofelders.ss@gmail.com


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