Open Letter 1 to citizens–The Status of Peace Implementation: SSCSF

1) Introduction

Dear fellow citizens,

The South Sudan Civil Society Forum (SSCSF) writes to you following the eve of the first anniversary of the Transitional Period of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

“This letter aims to update you on what is happening with the implementation of the 2018 Peace Agreement.”

SSCSF, with a nation-wide membership of over 200 diverse and independent civil society organizations and individual activists, has represented you in the peace process right from the High Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF) and now in the implementation mechanisms of the R-ARCSS.

The Forum held numerous consultations throughout the country, engaged in radio talk shows, social media and channelled your voices to various institutions of the agreement. It is therefore obligatory for SSCSF to report to you the status of implementation of the R-ARCSS, one year into the Transitional Period and about 29 months since the signing of the Agreement.

The purpose of this letter is to inform you about prospects for peace in our country through the implementation of the 2018 Agreement by the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU) and its constituent parties. This letter also intends to draw your attention to active citizenry in pursuit of lasting peace in the country.

  1. Missed Opportunities during the Transitional Period

Fellow Citizens, the R-ARCSS is a framework for peace in South Sudan. It was agreed upon by parties to the conflict and endorsed by stakeholders including faith-based leaders, civil society, academia, women, youth, business community and eminent persons.

If implemented on time, the Agreement would have established and strengthened the government to deliver on its core mandate of protecting us, our property and our country. Public institutions at all levels of government would have been reformed and strengthened to deliver social services to South Sudanese. It would have also allowed internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees to return home voluntarily, in safe and dignified manner.

Through transitional justice processes in the Agreement, families and individuals offended and aggrieved during the conflict would have gotten an opportunity to seek justice. We would have also engaged in a process of truth, reconciliation and healing to overcome the pains of the past and unite across our diversities to build a peaceful, just and prosperous South Sudan.

True implementation of the peace agreement would have enabled us to write a new constitution and prepare for democratic elections to elect leaders of our choice at all levels of government in our country.

  1. Status of implementation of the R-ARCSS

Fellow citizens, we regret to inform you that progress made in the implementation of the peace agreement, over the last one year of the Transitional Period, has been very limited and mainly elitebased and Juba-centric. We are disheartened at the extent to which the Agreement has failed to offer you anything tangible so far, whether peace or peace dividends.

The parties formed the executive of the national government, appointed state governors, and allocated responsibilities (positions) among themselves for state and local government institutions. The national executive of RTGoNU was structured into five ministerial thematic clusters, each headed by a Vice President. Despite the disruptions related to COVID-19 pandemic, these institutions including the Council of Ministers have been operational.

After one year of delays, the parties to the Agreement have started reconstituting state governments. By the time of writing this letter, appointments were made for officials in the executive arm of Central Equatoria, Warrap, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Western Bahr el Ghazal Jonglei and Western Equatoria state governments.

A National Constitutional Amendment Committee (NCAC) reviewed several laws and drafted them into bills for enactment. These legislative bills were submitted to the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs for presentation to the Council of Ministers and subsequently to the parliament for enactment, as part of numerous reforms envisaged in the R-ARCSS.

Fellow Citizens, the remaining provisions of the Agreement which are crucial to our lives have not been implemented over the last one year of the Transitional Period.

The 2018 Agreement provided for restoration of permanent and sustainable peace, security and stability in our country envisaged through training, graduation and deployment of national unified forces to take charge of security. Sadly, there is little progress to report on this front.

During our visits to the unified training centers, we confirmed that the training was supposed to last for sixty day. However, the trainees have been in the training centers for over fourteen months and there is no clarity on when they would be graduated and deployed.

A comprehensive national plan to facilitate and support repatriation, rehabilitation and resettlement of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees in a voluntary and dignified manner has not been developed. Lack of plans by the government, looming insecurity and poor services continue to discourage IDPS and refugees from returning home.

Reconciliation and healing of our society, especially through transitional justice mechanisms of the Agreement did not move an inch in the whole first year of the Transitional Period.

We should have been engaging in writing a permanent constitution for our country to address unsettled matters of governance, wealth sharing and elections. This too has not formally commenced.

Radical reforms and transformation in public financial management systems to promote transparency and accountability in the utilization of our national resources have not been accomplished. Commitments in the Agreement for much needed reforms, restructuring and transformation in the civil service, security sector, judicial and electoral systems have not been meaningfully realized.

The commitment to devolve powers and resources to state and local government levels, closer to us throughout the country, still remains only on paper.

The Agreement provides for representation of women by at least 35% in constitutional posts. Unfortunately, out of 264 officials so far appointed in governments of seven states, only 33 (12.5%) are women. At the national level, this 35% was not also met and the former Incumbent Transitional Government of National Unity (ITGoNU), dominated by Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) is the main party that consistently undermined this commitment of the Agreement.

  1. Effects of slow implementation
    Fellow Citizens, in the slow and selective implementation of the agreement, the one year-old RTGoNU has done very little to develop sufficient administrative, institutional, systemic and security capacities to effectively govern the country and address the multiple challenges facing South Sudanese.

Security situation

The country is beginning to lose the gains made in implementation of the Transitional Security Arrangements (TSAs). Reports by the monitoring mechanisms of the Agreement – the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation (RJMEC) and the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements, Monitoring and Verification Mechanism (CTSAMVM) indicate that forces assembled in both cantonment sites and training centers have been deserting those facilities due to unbearable living conditions and wilful neglect by the parties to the agreement.

Within the last one year of the Transitional Period, the parties have been accepting and even promoting on the national television, the defections of forces who are supposed to be unified within the framework of the Agreement. The defections amounts to recruitment, hence violating commitment of the parties in Article 2.1.8 of the Agreement, to cease recruitment of forces. Acceptance and promotion of defectors on the national television also amounts to violation of commitment under Article to refrain from offensive, provocative or retaliatory actions such as dissemination of hostile propaganda, recruitment, mobilization, redeployment and movement of forces.

In Moroto unified training center, these defections resulted in serious fighting among forces affiliated to the SPLM/A-IO and defectors allied to ITGoNU, especially in September and November of 2020, undermining Agreement commitments to cessation of hostilities. The fighting also resulted in loss of lives of our fellow citizens, some of whom were your close relatives.

At the community levels, inability of the RTGoNU to provide adequate administrative controls and security to civilians gave way for numerous armed violence that resulted in destruction of lives, property and villages; abduction of women and children, raping of women and girls; displacements of populations and disruption of means of livelihoods of our populations. In our interactions with many of our fellow citizens, especially in the affected areas around the country, they reported living in fear and not having seen the “Juba-based” Agreement helping to improve their conditions.

Fellow Citizens, instead of using the provisions contained in the agreement to address major security issues affecting the country, RTGoNU relies on ad-hoc interventions of holding political, elite-level and Juba-based dialogues. While doing so, conflicting groups in the communities and villages continue with the menace. Moreover, the dialogues are concluded only at closing ceremonies and their outcomes are never seriously implemented.

Meanwhile, the United Nations has found evidence that senior army and elite politicians are providing weapons to communities . The country is yet to witness any action by the RTGoNU to hold to account individuals or groups responsible for the flow of combat grade weapons to civilians involved in killings, cattle theft, abductions of women and children and destruction of villages.

While the forces under unification desert cantonment and training centers, civilians roam the villages, so armed and powerful that local government authorities and available government security cannot manage to contain them. In some parts of the country, for example Tonj East County of Warrap State, selective and poorly planned disarmament of civilians resulted in more violence and loss of lives; leaving heavily armed civilians in control of villages.

We are repeatedly told by the parties that our country has no resources to fund the implementation of the agreement, especially the security arrangements. However, we see hotels in Juba demanding millions of dollars of our national resources in accommodation bills from the RTGoNU. We equally witness heavy spending of our national resources on very expensive luxurious vehicles. With priorities, these resources would have helped in the implementation of many aspects of the Agreement.

Economy situation

Fellow Citizens, we measure progress in the R-ARCSS not by elite- and Juba-based activities but by the level of improvements the Agreement brings to your living conditions in your respective locations. Generally, the economic situation has continued to worsen since the signing of the Agreement and particularly over the last one year of the Transitional Period.

By the time Agreement was signed in September 2018, the exchange rate of South Sudanese Pounds (SSP) against the United States dollar was about $1 to 200SSP in the parallel market, today $1 equals to 340SSP. And it has further plunged to $1 equals 650SSP, raising market prices on goods and services far above the reach of ordinary citizens who are not usually paid salaries for months.

These difficult economic conditions cause some institutions of the RTGoNU to improvise means to extort money from the already struggling citizens. For example, many illegal roadblocks are set up along major roads in the country to illegally extort money from travellers and businesses. In Juba city, driving licences and logbooks are routinely confiscated from drivers, especially female drivers and boda-boda riders and they are charged to pay thousands of pounds, in most cases without receipts. This happens in complete disregard for the economic situation citizens face.

Humanitarian situation

Current statistics on humanitarian situation indicates that over 8 million of our citizens, including 4.3 million children are in need of multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance; 4 million remain displaced including 1.6 million IDPs and 2 million refugees in the region . The statistics further reveal that 1.3 million children are at risk of acute malnutrition, 3.3 million people lack essential health care services, 5.2 million people lack access to safe clean drinking water and 3.1 million children can miss basic education in this year alone. This statistics puts our humanitarian crisis among the worst in the world. Evidently, the Agreement is not being implemented to robustly address these multiple humanitarian crisis in the country.

Political situation

Fellow Citizens, there is no clear political agenda and direction for our country. The R-ARCSS as a political program, is not being responsibly implemented. A complimentary solution was sought through the South Sudan National Dialogue, from December 2016 to November 2020. Substantial amounts of resources were invested from national and foreign sources and many of you participated in this National Dialogue at different levels – grassroots consultations, regional conferences and national conference. This too is now being abandoned with no commitments to implement its outcomes. Further still, the vision of the struggle for the liberation and independence of our country “…for justice, freedom, equality, human dignity and political and economic emancipation ” should have been the foundation of our country’s governance. But again, our leaders have abandoned that vision too.

On the political land scape, there is clearly no difference between parties that have been in government and those supposedly fighting for fundamental reforms in our country. We engage with all the parties directly and in the oversight and implementation mechanisms of the agreement and we can report to you with certainty that the calls for reforms no longer feature prominently anywhere in the discussions of the leaders of our country.

As South Sudan remains politically weak, it becomes increasingly vulnerable to aggressive encroachment on our sovereign territories by some neighbouring countries. This is another potential source of future crisis in the country.

  1. Our Conclusions

Fellow Citizens, from our analysis of the situation, we have reached a conclusion on the following important issues:

(1) Economic, security, political and humanitarian situations in our country continue to worsen, imposing unbearable suffering on the population over the past one year of the Transitional Period. There is no predictable indication showing that the situation will change for the better any time soon, under current conditions of the peace implementation.

(2) The bloodshed and the suffering of the people as a result of the deteriorating security, economic and humanitarian situations in the country are likely to worsen unless the government takes urgent and responsible measures as outlined in the Agreement and also in the Resolutions of the National Dialogue, to restore sustainable peace, security and stability in the country.

(3) The people of South Sudan have used the agreement, the National Dialogue and other peaceful means at their disposal to repeatedly remind the parties and the government to improve the situation in our country, but nothing significant has changed. The region and the international community who sympathize with our conditions have equally called on the parties to implement the agreement, but the parties remain selective, slow and inconsistent in implementing the peace agreement.

(4) Our participation in the agreement as your representative voice only makes sense as long as the implementation of the agreement is carried out in a manner that improves the security, economic, humanitarian and human rights situations for you; and ultimately unite our country and put an end to the bloodshed. We contend that we cannot be an endorsement to the continuous extension of your suffering, the destruction and mismanagement of our national resources through willful inconsistencies in the implementation of the peace agreement. To that end Fellow Citizens, we will reconsider our participation in the oversight and implementation mechanisms of the Agreement.

(5) Given this situation in the country, we invite you, Fellow Citizens, to do your part and play an active citizenry role towards ending the persistent suffering and continuous bloodshed in our country. Specifically, we call on you to:

5.1 Demand of the government and its constituent parties, full implementation of the Agreement and measures that would restore stability in your respective localities.

5.2 Take charge of peacebuilding in your respective communities including holding dialogues to resolve any disputes and normalize relations.

5.3 Identify, disown, name and shame perpetrators of violence in the community and use appropriate mechanisms at the community, state or national levels to stop them perpetuating further violence and destabilization.

Taban-led group to announce new move if sidelined again from next appointments

Vice-President for Infrastructure Cluster General Taban Deng Gai | Photo: File

A government-allied group led by Vice President Taban Deng Gai is reportedly planning to announce a new move if it’s to be sidelined again from upcoming appointments at the states levels, according to two senior officials who spoke to Thessherald on condition of anonymity.

“We’ll see what to do next if the government fails to meet our demands as per our recent request to the President’s office,” said a senior government official allied to the Vice-President for Infrastructure Cluster, Gen. Taban Deng Gai.

Last week, representatives and former lawmakers of the now-defunct R-TGoNU sent a protest letter to President Salva Kiir Mayardit, calling for fair and transparent appointments of state officials in pending states.

“Your Excellency issued Decree No:11, 12, 13, 14 on 20h and 22 February 2021 establishing the State Government of Central Equatoria, Northern Bhar el Gazal, Unity and Warrap States respectively. We are indeed deeply shocked and dismayed because the Decree omitted the nominees of the former SPLM/A-IO led by Gen. Taban Deng Gai despite the fact that we are part of ITGONU as clearly stipulated in Article 1.3.1 of the R- ARCSS 2018. 2. Our serious fear is that if the bad development in these states is copied by the other states, then our group will be completely excluded from participation in the State and local governments in the country.

We are also deeply concerned with the proposal of the acting Secretary General of SPLM which was submitted to you concerning the expansion and reconstitution of the National Legislature,

Her proposal allocates:

• 165 seats for those elected to Juba NLA in 2010 to be maintained.

• 91 seats for those elected to the Legislative Assembly in Khartoum in 2010 to be maintained.

• 47 Presidential appointees to the NLA in 2011 to be maintained.

Thus the total number of seats for the SPLM alone will be 303 out of 332 leaving only 29 seats for the other parties in ITGONU.

Furthermore out of the 29 seats, ten will be allocated to some elected members in 2010 leaving only 19 seats for those who were appointed in 2016. If her formula is followed, it means that the majority of the 68 Presidential appointees in 2016 as a result of the 2015 ARCSS will have been excluded.”

Nhial accused of lying to the public about TNLA reconstitution

Members of the opposition and critics have taken to social media, accusing Nhial Deng Nhial of lying about the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly which was supposed to be finalized on February 15, according to his previous press release issued earlier this month.

“Just imagine, one could lie to more than 12.8 people by issuing a fake press release and get away with it,” said Kalany Mamuon a fierce government critic and a member of the SPLM-IO.

“This is an absolutely irresponsible government that doesn’t live up to its promises and commitment,” said another social media user identified as John Maduk Deng.

Earlier this month, the Minister of Presidential Affairs, Hon. Nhial Deng Nhial issued a statement reassuring the public that the implementation of the Peace Agreement remains on the right track and that the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly would be finalized before or on February 15th. However, the aforementioned deadline has been missed.

“Further to the Press Statement issued on the outcome of the meeting of the Presidency that was held yesterday Tuesday, Feb 2, 2021, the Ministry of Presidential Affairs hereby wishes to declare that the said meeting also resolved that the (R-TGONU) shall finalize the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNLA) and the Council of States on or before February 15, 2021,” Nhial declared in a statement dated February 3, 2021.

Since last year, the parties have come under increasing pressure from peace monitors and the international community to speed up implementation of the peace agreement.

Some of the critical outstanding provisions of the agreement include:

• Reconstitution of the Reconstituted Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNA).

• Graduation of the Necessary Unified Forces, currently undergoing training at various military training centers.

• Establishments of the African Union Hybrid Court for South Sudan.

• And the establishment of the Reconstituted National Constitution and Amendment Committee, a mechanism charged with overseeing and incorporating the R-ARCSS into the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan (TCRSS) 2011.

Gen. Olony refuses to take $2m in bribes from Kiir’s delegation

Johnson Olony Thambo |Photo : Via Facebook

A senior opposition official, General Johnson Olony Thambo, has reportedly refused to take a whopping $2 million in bribes from the Kiir administration.

According to a source in the SPLM-IO, the government delegation led by the Presidential Advisor on Security Affairs, Tut Gatluak Manime, tried to bribe Johnson and his team, but their attempts were unsuccessful.

“They tried to offer him $2 million of bribes, unfortunately, the opposition members [referring to Johnson Olony and this group] declined to take that money,” said a reliable source interviewed on Tuesday by the Thessherald.

On Monday, the South Sudanese officials returned to Juba after a short visit to Khartoum, where they met through the back door, with the SPLM-IO members in hopes of persuading them.

Awut considers P8 students in rebel-held areas as her “children”

Minister of Education Awut Deng Acuil |Photo: File

Education Minister Awut Deng Acuil describes students who had missed out on the initial Primary Eight Leaving Examinations as her “children”, and wishes them good luck in their national exams expected on Monday, February 15th.

“It is my pleasure to inform the nation that the Ministry of General Education and Instruction and the National Examinations Council have decided to fix new dates for the conduct of Primary eight examinations for the pupils that had missed out on the initial examination,” said the Minister of Education, Awut Deng Acuil.

“Congratulation to my children and I wish them the best of luck,” she said.

This comes after the concerned authorities in the unity government agreed on Thursday to set a new date for more than 800 hundred students who were unable to take their primary exams due to security concerns raised by the Ministry of Education.

Earlier this month, Awut banned students in the SPLM-IO-administered areas from taking their primary examinations over unresolved security matters.

“It is important for me to underscore that in this year 2020/2021 examination cycle, a lot of strict security measures have been devised and put in place to curb malpractices in examinations and to ensure the security of the examinations, examinees, and examiners,” Awut said.

“In the absence of both the police and security, nothing can guarantee the security and integrity of the examinations, and thus such areas shall be regarded as no-exams zones,” the education minister said.

“Given this brief backdrop, the South Sudan National Examination Council and the Ministry of General Education and instruction have been alerted of possible examination security threats in most of the SPLA/IO bases in parts of Jonglei and Upper Nile States,” Minister Awut explained.

“Case in point is the recent detention of staff belonging to an agent contracted by the National Ministry of General Education and Instruction to pay teachers’ incentives in Nyiror in Jonglei State. To date, the money is not yet recovered although the agents were later released.”

Kiir finally dissolves TNLA ahead of formation of new Parliament

South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir Mayardit, in a presidential decree, has dissolved members of Parliament ahead of the establishment of the new R-TNA slated to be formed next week.

Earlier this week, the Presidency held a high-level meeting and agreed to speed up the formation of the Reconstituted Transitional National Legislative Assembly that has long been overdue.

“Further to the Press Statement issued on the outcome of the meeting of the Presidency that was held yesterday Tuesday, Feb 2, 2021, the Ministry of Presidential Affairs hereby wishes to declare that the said meeting also resolved that the (R-TGONU) shall finalize the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (R-TNLA) and the Council of States on or before February 15, 2021,” the Presidency declared a statement.

Kiir has been accused by members of the opposition of dragging his feet on the implementation of the peace agreement by reluctantly refusing to dissolve the old Parliament of the now-defunct 32 states.

SPLM-IO comes under fire after enlisting Ethiopian officers into its forces

Chairman of the SPLM-IO, Dr. Riek Machar |Photo: File

South Sudan’s main opposition group has been caught between a hard rock and a place after recruiting two high-ranking officers who had previously served under the Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army – a faction headed by opposition leader Thowath Pal Chay.

On Tuesday, the SPLM-IO Sector 4th Deputy Commander, Major-General Khor Chuol Giet confirmed the arrival of the two high-ranking commanders

“This is to inform all of you that, we have one Brigadier General Pal Ojulu Babuoth and Coloniel Thalow Babuoth Puoch who defected from (EUPA) Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army let by Comrade Thowath Pal Chay.”

According to Gen. Khor, the agreement that led to their defection was between them and the SPLM-IO Chairman, Dr. Riek Machar.

“Therefore, Brigadier General Pal Ojulu and Coloniel Thalow Babuoth are now defected from the above Movement and they Join now the SPLA-I0 meanwhile Brig Gen Pal Ojulu met our Chairman Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon in Addis Ababa last year on the date 09/02/2020 and was directed by our Chairman to come to us in Jekow as well as he came to us in Jekow in April last year as he is now with us in Jekow.”

South Sudan is a close ally to Ethiopia and the two countries have maintained their strong bilateral relations since the independence in 2011.

It’s not clear what prompted the defection of these two officers from the Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army
to South Sudan’s opposition group.

Attempts by Thessherald to reach Ethiopian authorities for comment hit a snag.

Breaking: Ethiopian commanders defect from EUPA, join SPLM/A-IO

Two military commanders serving under the Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army (EUPA), an opposition group let by Thowath Pal Chay, have defected from their country and joined the SPLM/A-IO.

According to a letter signed by Major General Khor Chuol, Sector 4th Deputy Commander, the two officers met Dr. Riek Machar last year and expressed willingness to join the SPLM-IO of South Sudan.

“This is to inform all of you that, we have one Brigadier General Pal Ojulu Babuoth and Coloniel Thalow Babuoth Puoch who defected from (EUPA) Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army let by Comrade Thowath Pal Chay.”

Gen. Khor Chuol Giet

“Therefore, Brigadier General Pal Ojulu and Coloniel Thalow Babuoth are now defected from the above Movement and they Join now the SPLA-I0 meanwhile Brig Gen Pal Ojulu met our Chairman Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon in Addis Ababa last year on the date 09/02/2020 and was directed by our Chairman to come to us in Jekow as well as he came to us in Jekow in April last year as he is now with us in Jekow.”

South Sudan is a close ally to Ethiopia and the two countries have maintained their strong bilateral relations since the country’s independence in 2011.

It’s not clear what prompted the defection of these two officers from the Ethiopian Unity Patriot Army to South Sudan’s opposition group.

Attempts by Thessherald to reach the Ethiopian authorities for comment hit a snag.

Workshop on Constitution-making stalled as ITGNU refuses to attend

The Kiir administration has refused to nominate three participants to attend a crucial workshop on Permanent Constitution-making, said Oyet Nathaniel Pierino, SPLM-IO Representative to NCAC.

“For the past two (2) months, RJMEC pursuant to the Agreement, Chapter Six; (Art. 6.7-9) has been engaging Parties to the Agreement to kickstart the process of the Permanent Constitution Making for South Sudan. Series of consultative and sensitization meetings/workshops took place with Parties and Stakeholders but the ITGNU refused to take part,” he said.

“Each party to the Agreement were requested to nominate 3 participants to the Permanent Constitution Making Workshop planned for first week of February, 2021; all parties nominated their representatives, except ITGNU.”

In accordance with R-ARCSS, the Permanent Constitution Making for South Sudan is one of the most critical milestones in the Agreement since:

1)—It shall enact a Federal System of government in South Sudan;

2)—The upcoming General Elections for South Sudan shall be held under the new Constitution;

3)—The Constitution shall resolve a number of outstanding governance issues in South Sudan pertinent to addressing root causes of the conflict in the country.

The opposition accused the Kiir administration of dragging it feet on the implementation of the peace agreement.

“The ITGNU, the party to Agreement didn’t appoint its representatives to participate in the workshop on Permanent Constitution Making despite several notifications; and refused to take part in the preparatory consultative and sensitization meetings.”

Gen. Olony hints at abandoning SPLM-IO after his replacement

South Sudan's armed forces holding up their guns a sign of victory | Photo: File
South Sudan’s armed forces holding up their guns a sign of victory | Photo: File

A day after the opposition and the government agreed to appoint Abudhok Ayang Kur, the head of Agwelek forces, General Johnson Olony says he might have no options but to form his own party.

“Olony is devising strategies and may drop the SPLM-in-opposition soon after a recent spat over his replacement,” according to a source familiar with the issue.

This comes after President Kiir rejected to appoint him as Governor of Upper Nile State.

Since last year, the Kiir administration had refused Olony’s appointment, accusing him of being a warmonger and could plunge the country into yet another chao.

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