October 27, 2020 (Thessherald)–South Sudan’s First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar has led a one-day workshop geared towards preparing the nation for a federal system of government.
“South Sudan has launched a workshop today in a bit to prepare the country for federalism. Organized by the ministry of Federal Affairs, the occasion was attended by senior government officials and a number of foreign diplomats,” the Office of the First Vice-President said this evening.
The training, attended by top government officials, spurs the country’s leaders to implement federalism, a popular demand of citizens.
“In his opening remarks, the country’s First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, said federalism has been a popular demand of the people of South Sudan since 1947.”
South Sudan’s government has recently formed a new docket that works to implement a federal system of government.
“Participants will brainstorm on how best to develop a policy framework for the federal system of government. The matter will also be tackled in the permanent constitution-making process in accordance with the R-ARCSS.”
Federalism in South Sudan
South Sudan inherited and adopted 10 states from Sudan. After the 2013 conflict, the main opposition, the SPLM-IO, proposed the creation of 21 states, which was presented at the negotiations. The response of the government then was that the issue of states needed popular consultations with the people. At the same time, the people of Equatoria were pushing for the establishment of a federal system.
In reaction to this, the President issued an executive order in October 2015 dissolving the 10 states and creating 28 new states.
However, as the Parties hit a snag on the implementation of the proposed federalism, President Kiir returned the country to its previous 10 states.